Female Infertility

content="Approximately one-third of infertile couples have problems with female infertility. 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Hirsch, MDsch, MD on July 16, 2014 on July 16, 2014 20144/p>class="hl-widget-sharebar c">/div>skFactors">Risk FactorsRisk Factors/a>/li> li>a href="#Ovulation">Ovulation/a>/a>/li>/li> /li> /ul>/div> div class="hl-rpipe-tabnav">/div> s="hl-arrow-tabnav hl-right-arrow-tabnav hl-icon-right-arrow">/div> /nav> v clascent of femaleeenfertility is caused by problems with ovulation.caused by problems with ovulation.oblems with /p>/p> p>Without ovulation, no egg is available forailable for fertilization. Pregnancy cannot occur. There are a number of reasons women maycannot occur. There are a number of reasons women mayere are a number of reasons women may women mayhave problems with ovulation. ems with ovulation. gs that might affect your hormonesormoness clude:/p>>/p> >li>agingli>aging/li>li>severe stress</a><eight loss</li><li>weight gain</li><li>certain health problems</li></ul> <h3>polycystic ovarian syndrome</h3> <p>polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) causes an overproduction of androgens. androgens are male hormones, such as testosterone. pcos causes symptoms such as:</p> <ul><li>menstrual problems</li><li>weight gain</li><li>excessive hair growth</li><li>acne</li></ul> <p>pcos is also a common cause of female infertility. </p> <h3>primary ovarian insufficiency (poi)</h3> <p>primary ovarian insufficiency is when a woman’s ovaries stop working before the age of 40. the ovaries stop producing normal amounts of hormones. they may also stop ovulating altogether. this is also known as premature ovarian failure. it can be >n-image"> <le="Migraine vs. Chronic Migraine: What Are the Differences?" href="http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/migraine-vs-chronic-migraine">nic Migraint Are the Differences?" href="http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/migraine-vs-chronic-migraine"> href="http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/migraine-vs-chronic-migraine">vs-chronic-migraine">hronic-migraine">ource/images/topic_centers/Migraine/jpg/migraine-vs-chronic-migraine/194x105_Migraine_Differences.jpg" alt="Migraine vs. Chronic Migraine: What Are the Differences?"/> and COPD: Tips to Avoid Complications/div> div class="content-promotiondiv class="content-promotion-image"> a title="Seasonal Allergies and COPD: Tips to Avoid Complications" href="http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/seasonal-allergies-copd-tips-avoid-complications">h-slideshow/seasonal-allergies-copd-tips-avoid-complications">img src="http://www.healthline.com/hlcmsresource/images/slideshow/Seasonal-allergies-copd-tips-avoid-complications/194x105_Seasonal-Allergies-and-COPD-Tips-to-Avoid-Complications.jpg" alt="Seasonal Allergies and COPD: Tips to Avoid Complications"/>>/a> div class="content-promotion-text"> div class="content-promotion-disclaimer">For COPD patients, allergies pose the risk of serious complications. Learn some basic tips for avoiding allergy-related complications of COPD in this slideshow..</eight loss</li><li>weight gain</li><li>certain health problems</li></ul> <h3>polycystic ovarian syndrome</h3> <p>polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) causes an overproduction of androgens. androgens are male hormones, such as testosterone. pcos causes symptoms such as:</p> <ul><li>menstrual problems</li><li>weight gain</li><li>excessive hair growth</li><li>acne</li></ul> <p>pcos is also a common cause of female infertility. </p> <h3>primary ovarian insufficiency (poi)</h3> <p>primary ovarian insufficiency is when a woman’s ovaries stop working before the age of 40. the ovaries stop producing normal amounts of hormones. they may also stop ovulating altogether. this is also known as premature ovarian failure. it can be >/a> <v> /div> /div> div class="content-promotion-story click-link" data="/health-slideshow/timeline-anaphylactic-reaction"> div class="content-promotion-title">Timeline of an Anaphylactic Reactions-timeline-anaphylactic-reaction/194x105_Timeline_Anaphylactic_Reaction.jpg" alt="Timeline of an Anaphylactic Reaction"/>/a> /div> div class="content-promotion-text"> class="content-promotion-disclaimer">From first exposure to life-threatening complications, learn how quickly an allergy attack can escalate and why it can become life threatening. life-threatening complications, learn how quickly an allergy attack can escalate and why it can become life threatening.gy attack can escalate and why it can become life threatening. can escalate and why it can become life threatening.alate ant can become life threatening.become life threatening.div> div class="content-promotion-link summary-action">-action">> COPD</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.healthline.com/health/crohns-disease?ref=global">Crohn's Disease</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.healthline.com/health/depression?ref=global">Depression</a></li> <li><a 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overlay-sharebar"> <div class="overlay-content"> </div> <div class="overlay-footer"> <div class="overlay-close">Cancel</div> </div> </div> <header class="hl-title-area"> <div itemprop="headline" class="article-header"> <h1>Female Fertility Issues</h1> </div> <p id="byline" class="attribution"> Written by the Healthline Editorial Team | Published on <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2014-07-66">J1<<a href="http://www.healthline.com/health/medical-board">Kennet Hirsch, MD</a> 16, 2014<< <div class="sharebarContainer"><a id="sharebarLink" class="link-sharebar" href="#overlaySharebar" rel="#overlaySharebar"></a></div> </header> <nav class="hl-tab-navigation"> <div class="hl-arrow-tabnav hl-left-arrow-tabnav hl-icon-left-arrow"></div> <div class="hl-lpipe-tabnav"></div> <div class="hl-tabs-tabnav"> <ul> <li><a href="#Overview">Overview</a></li> <li><a href="#Risrs">Risk Factors<<<<<<l<<li><a href="#OtherCauses">OtherCauses</a></ <<<-<<<<s="grid648"> infertility is caused by problems with ovulation.rcee infertility is caused by pro ovulation.<<n, no egg is avail fertilization. Pregnancy cannot occur. Therf reasons w have probl <h3>Abnormal Hormone Levels</h3> <>Hormonal problems can interfere with ovulation in several ways. Eggs may not mature properly. They also may not be released from the ovary. </p> <p>A combination of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) is responsible for ovulation. If these hormones aren’t at optimal levels, ovulation may be irregular. Thingsat affect your hormones includ<<ul>><<<<eight loss</li><li>weight gain</li><li>certain health problems</li></ul> <h3>Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome</h3> <p>Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) causes an overproduction of androgens. Androgens are male hormones, such as testosterone. PCOS causes symptoms such as:</p> <ul><li>menstrual problems</li><li>weight gain</li><li>excessive hair growth</li><li>acne</li></ul> <p>PCOS is also a common cause of female infertility. </p> <h3>Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)</h3> <p>>Primary ovarian insufficiency is when a woman’s ovaries stop working before the age of 40. The ovaries stop producing normal amouns of hormones. They may also stop ovulating altogether. This is also known as premature ovarian failure. It . It can be caused by:  </p> <ul><i>chromosomal problems</lii><i>exposure to toxins, such as chemotheapy or radiation<</li><i>autoimmune disease</li></ul> <h3>Luteal Phase Defect</h3> <p>With this condition, your body does not produce enough progesterone after ovulation. Progesterone is important in preparing the uterine lining for a fertilized egg. </p> </div> <h2 id="TOC_TITLE_HDR_4" class="content_head"><a name="OtherCauses"></a>Other Causes of Female Infertility</h2><div id="TOC_TITLE_4" class="content_body"> <p>Other factors can also cause infertility. These include damage to the fallopian tubes and structural problems with the uterus or cervix. </p> <h3>Damaged Fallopian Tubes</h3> <p>Tubal infertility is caused by damaged fallopian tubes. Scar tissue in the tubes keeps sperm from reaching the egg. It can also keep a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus. Reasons a woman may have damaged fallopian tubes include:</p> <ul> <li>previous surgery</li> <li>prior ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy in which a fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tube)</li> <li>scarring caused by an STI</li></ul> <p>Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a major cause of tubal infertility. PID occurs after a STI, such as gonorrhea, ascends into the uterus and fallopian tubes. It can cause major scarring as well as abnormal bleeding.</p> <h3>Endometriosis</h3> <p>Endometriosis is an abnormal growth of the uterine lining in which cells from the uterus become implanted in other parts of the body and grow in these inappropriate sites. This condition can lead to pain, uterine scarring, and fertility issues. Substances produced by the excess endometrial tissue may also affect conception. </p> <h3>Other Uterine Problems</h3> <p>Other uterine problems can also prevent fertilized eggs from implanting. These include:</p> <ul> <li>fibroids (benign uterine tumors)</li> <li>other growths and tumors</li> <li>irregular uterine shape</li> <li>previous dilation and curettage (D&C)</li></ul> <p>Dilation and curettage is a procedure used to remove the uterine lining. It can be used to treat several health conditions. </p> <h3>Cervical Problems</h3> <p>Cervical stenosis is a condition where the opening to the uterus becomes narrowed or blocked. This can be caused by genetic problems or damage to the cervix. It can make it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg.</p> <h3>Unexplained Infertility</h3> <p>Many women who have trouble conceiving will never learn why. <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14688164" target="_blank">Some research</a> suggests that the likelihood of an eventual pregnancy might be higher for women whose infertility is unexplained than for women with identified issues. </p></div></article> <div class="span12 box-share-help-feedback"> <div class="span5"> <div class="box-article-helpful"> <div class="box-helpful-question"> Was this article helpful? <span class="helpful-option-yes">Yes</span> <span class="helpful-option-no">No</span> </div> <div class="box-helpful-confirmation"></div> </div> </div> <div class="span3"> <div class="box-link-feedback"> <span class="icon-email"></span> <a id="feedbackLink" class="link-feedback" href="#feedbackOverlay" rel="#feedbackOverlay">Feedback?</a> </div> <div id="feedbackOverlay" class="overlay-simple overlay-feedback"> <div class="overlay-content"> <div id="feedbackformdiv" class="box-form-feedback"> <form id="feedbackform" action="/v2/widgetemail"> <input type="hidden" name="to" value="hrl"/> <input id="urlfield" type="hidden" name="urlfield" value=""/> <h2>Send us your feedback</h2> <p class="box-message">We">We are unable to respond directly to questions, but your fedback is greatly appreciated, and wll be taken into account in our ongoing review of our Health Reference Library.<br/></p> <> <label>Your Name:<<label></> <input id="nametetxt" type="text" class="field-name" name="nametext" placeholder="Name Here" /> <<box-msg-name" class="box-msg-error">< clas="icon-error">✖<</span>span id="errorMsgName">Please enter your name</span><<span> <</> <p> <label>Your Email:<label><r /> <input d="feedbackemail" type="email" class="field-email-address" name="emailaddress" placeholder="name@example.com" /> <span id="box-msg-email" class="box-msg-error"><span class="icon-error">✖</span> <span id="errorMsgEmail">Please enter your email</span></span> </p> <p> <input id="copy" type="checkbox" name="copy"> <label>Send me a copy</label> </p> <p class="box-textarea"> <textarea id="feedbacktextarea" class="field-message" rows="4" cols="60" name="messagetext"></textarea> </p> <div id="charcount" class="textarea-char-count">0</div> <p class="box-buttons"> <button type="button" class="btn-cancel" name="feedbackcancelbutton">Cancel</button> <button class="btn-send-msg">Send Message</button> <span class="box-loading"><img src="http://www.healthline.com/resources/base/images/ajax-loader.gif" alt="" /></span> </p> </form> <p class="box-privacy"><span class="icon-lock"></span> Email addresses will not be shared with 3rd parties. 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Hirsch, MD', reviewDate: 'July 16, 2014' }); }); </script> <script> require([ "base/tab-navigation" ], function( WidgetTabNavigation ){ var promoTitle = "", partnerId = 28, adRefresh = false, cfg, sponsorDisclaimerOffset = 0, mr1RefreshTime = 4000, isLargeLandscapeImage = false; promoTitle = "Trending Now"; partnerId = 28; adRefresh = true; if ( $( ".hl-sponsor-disclaimer" ).length ) { sponsorDisclaimerOffset = 78; } cfg = { promoTitle: promoTitle, partnerId: partnerId, contentPromoOffset: 70, sponsorDisclaimerOffset: sponsorDisclaimerOffset, adRefresh: adRefresh, mr1RefreshTime: mr1RefreshTime, isLargeLandscapeImage: isLargeLandscapeImage } WidgetTabNavigation.initialize(cfg); }); </script> <script> require([ 'jquery' ], function( $ ){ // activate toggle for hide/show FB comments $(window).load(function() { if( $('.fb-view-comments-bar').length ) { $('.fb-view-comments-bar').click(function() { $('.fb-view-comments-bar').toggleClass( 'open' ); if( $('.fb-view-comments-bar').hasClass( 'open' ) ) { $('.fb-view-comments-bar span.fb-view-comments-arrow').removeClass( "hl-icon-right-solid-arrow" ).addClass('hl-icon-down-arrow'); 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document.write('<input id="msftChannelIds1" name="msftChannelIds1" type="hidden" value="'+microsoft_adunit_channelids+'">'); require(['jquery',"base/dfpmanager","base/responsive-ads","matchmedia"],function($,AppDfpmanager,AppResponsiveAds){ // determine if mr1 ad is shown on page load var isAdOnPageLoad = true; var breakpointsToHideAd = []; var breakpointsToHideAdByPageType = []; breakpointsToHideAdByPageType = ['768','600','480','320']; isAdOnPageLoad = AppResponsiveAds.getShowAdOnPageLoad("MR1",breakpointsToHideAd,breakpointsToHideAdByPageType); var adSize = '300x250,300x600'; if(matchMedia('only screen and (max-width: 600px)').matches) { adSize = '300x50,300x250'; } var cfgDfpManager = { isAdOnPageLoad: isAdOnPageLoad, adshost : 'http://ads.healthline.com', adSize: adSize, dfpAdSite : 'hn.us.hl.lc.x.x.x', btk1 : '', btk2 : '', kw : 'femaleinfertility,female_infertility,8120576', k1 : 'femaleinfertility', k2 : 'fertility', k3 : 'health', pos : 'mr1', ugc : 'false', ac : '', uac : '', akh : 'Female Fertility Issues', aks : '5000', env : '', msiteID : '', adTagPageUrl : encodeURIComponent('/health/fertility/female-infertility'), yeildex : 'true', targetsrc : '' }; var mr1timeout = setTimeout(function() { AppDfpmanager.mr1IframeInit(cfgDfpManager); }, 300); }); </script> <script> require(["jquery","base/dfpmanager","base/responsive-ads","matchmedia"],function($,AppDfpmanager,AppResponsiveAds){ $(function() { // determine if mr2 ad is shown on page load var isAdOnPageLoad = true; var breakpointsToHideAd = []; var breakpointsToHideAdByPageType = []; breakpointsToHideAd = ['997','768','600','480','320']; var isAdOnPageLoad = AppResponsiveAds.getShowAdOnPageLoad("MR2",breakpointsToHideAd,breakpointsToHideAdByPageType); var cfgDfpManager = { isAdOnPageLoad: isAdOnPageLoad, adshost : 'http://ads.healthline.com', dfpAdSite : 'hn.us.hl.lc.x.x.x', btk1 : '', btk2 : '', kw : 'femaleinfertility,female_infertility,8120576', k1 : 'femaleinfertility', k2 : 'fertility', k3 : 'health', pos : 'mr2', ugc : 'false', ac : '', uac : '', env : '', msiteID : '', adTagPageUrl : encodeURIComponent('/health/fertility/female-infertility'), yeildex : 'true' , targetsrc : '' }; AppDfpmanager.mr2IframeInit(cfgDfpManager); }); // dom ready }); </script> <script> var isWslAdDisplayed = false; // check if adPositionsToHide from Config file is not empty for current partner // if true, then get values // then compare values to this page adPositionsToHide // - add new ones from config file to this page var configAdPositionsToHide; var addAdPosition = true; var pageAdPositionsToHide = ['wsr']; // page type specific ads to hide if( !isWslAdDisplayed ) { pageAdPositionsToHide.push('wsl'); } var rightRailNotSticky = false, isBackToTop = false; rightRailNotSticky = false; require([ 'base/article-toc', 'base/article-common' ], function( AppArticleToc, AppArticleTocCommon ){ AppArticleToc.initialize({ isWslAdDisplayed: isWslAdDisplayed, isArticleHelpful: false, partnerId: 28, titleAreaTop: '60px', tabNavigationTop: '85px', isBackToTop: isBackToTop, tabNavMaxWidth: '1008px', rightRailNotSticky: rightRailNotSticky, tabArticleWidth: 978, stickyTitlePaddingAuto: false, isFbCommentsOn: false, rightRailNotSticky: rightRailNotSticky }); AppArticleTocCommon.initialize(); }); var isMsiteId = false; var isMoveMr2 = true; require([ "base/rwd/article-toc" ], function( AppArticleTocRwd ){ AppArticleTocRwd.initialize({ isMsiteId: isMsiteId, adRBTimeDelay: 300, isMoveMr2: isMoveMr2 }); }); require([ "base/rwd/sharebar-mobile" ], function( AppSharebarMobile ){ AppSharebarMobile.initialize(); }); </script> <script> require(['jquery',"base/dfpmanager","base/responsive-ads","matchmedia"],function($,AppDfpmanager,AppResponsiveAds){ $(function() { // determine if pb ad is shown on page load var isAdOnPageLoad = true; var breakpointsToHideAd = []; var breakpointsToHideAdByPageType = []; breakpointsToHideAd = ['600','480','320']; var isAdOnPageLoad = AppResponsiveAds.getShowAdOnPageLoad("PB",breakpointsToHideAd,breakpointsToHideAdByPageType); var cfgDfpManager = { isAdOnPageLoad: isAdOnPageLoad, adshost : 'http://ads.healthline.com', logged_in : 'false', dfpAdSite : 'hn.us.hl.lc.x.x.x', btk1 : '', btk2 : '', kw : 'femaleinfertility,female_infertility,8120576', k1 : 'femaleinfertility', k2 : 'fertility', k3 : 'health', pos : 'lb', ugc : 'false', ac : '', uac : '', akh : '', aks : '5000', env : '', msiteID : '', adTagPageUrl : encodeURIComponent('/health/fertility/female-infertility'), partner : 'healthline', pg_dart_site : 'hn.us.hl.lc.x.x.x', pg_dart_zone : 'femaleinfertility', pg_k2 : 'fertility', pHLID : '8120576', HLID : '8120576', visit_type : 'HCviewer',hctype : 'H40',lcmain : 'Fertility', yeildex : 'true', targetsrc : '' }; var pbtimeout = setTimeout(function() { AppDfpmanager.pbIframeInit(cfgDfpManager); }, 300); }); // dom ready }); </script> <script> var HL_adBlankMonitor = function(cfg) { if(cfg.adBlankCodes.length > 0) { for(var i = 0; i < cfg.adBlankCodes.length; i++) { if (typeof HL_ga_sendTrackEvent === 'function') { HL_ga_sendTrackEvent({ gaEventCategory : 'Ad Display', gaEventAction : 'Blank Ad', gaEventLabel : 'adBlankCode=' + cfg.adBlankCodes[i] + '&adspot=' + cfg.adPosition + '&pageUrl=' + window.location.pathname }); } } } }; require(["base/util/visit-tracker"],function(AppVisitTracker){ AppVisitTracker.initialize(); }); </script> <script> require([ 'healthline/newsletter-signup' ], function( newsletterSignup ){ newsletterSignup.setConfig({ newsletterHost: 'newsletter.healthline.com' }); }); </script> <script> /* load module */ require(["healthline/footer"]); </script>