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What’s Causing My Fatigue and Nausea?

What are fatigue and nausea?

Fatigue is a condition that is a combined feeling of being sleepy and drained of energy. It can range from acute to chronic. For some people, fatigue can be a long-term occurrence that affects their ability to carry out daily activities.

Nausea occurs when your stomach feels uneasy or queasy. You may not actually vomit, but you may feel as though you could. Like fatigue, nausea can stem from many causes.

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Causes

What causes fatigue and nausea?

Nausea and fatigue can result from many factors, ranging from physiological causes to lifestyle habits. Examples of lifestyle habits that can bring on fatigue and nausea include:

  • excessive alcohol use
  • excessive caffeine use
  • poor eating habits
  • taking medications, such as amphetamines, to stay awake
  • too much physical activity or a lack of physical activity
  • jet lag
  • lack of sleep

Psychological factors can also contribute to nausea and fatigue. These include:

Causes involving infections and inflammation include:

Causes involving endocrine and metabolic factors include:

Causes involving neurological factors include:

Some other conditions that can lead to nausea and fatigue include:

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See your doctor

When to seek medical help

Seek immediate medical help if your fatigue and nausea are accompanied by:

  • difficulty breathing
  • headache
  • chest pain
  • fever
  • thoughts of harming yourself
  • yellowing of the eyes or skin
  • slurred speech
  • repeated vomiting
  • lasting confusion
  • abnormal eye movement

Lifestyle changes can frequently help reduce fatigue and nausea. Schedule an appointment with your doctor if you don’t feel rested even after a full night’s sleep.

If you have cancer, ask your doctor about interventions that could enhance your energy levels.

This information is a summary. Always seek medical attention if you’re concerned you may be experiencing a medical emergency.

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Treatment

How are fatigue and nausea treated?

Healthy habits, such as getting enough sleep, eating healthy foods, and exercising regularly can help you find relief from fatigue and nausea. Avoiding bad habits such as smoking, drinking excess alcohol, or abusing drugs can also help reduce fatigue and nausea.

Your doctor may prescribe medications to treat an underlying condition.

Home care

Staying hydrated by drinking clear liquids can help relieve fatigue and nausea. Maintaining a healthy activity level that doesn’t involve exercising excessively can also help prevent or reduce these symptoms.

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Prevention

How can I prevent fatigue and nausea?

Fatigue can impact your overall well-being. Take the following steps to prevent the onset of fatigue and nausea:

  • Get enough sleep each night (typically between 7 and 8 hours).
  • Manage your schedule so that your work does not become too demanding.
  • Refrain from drinking excessively.
  • Refrain from smoking and abusing drugs.
  • Eat small meals and drink plenty of water.
  • Exercise regularly.
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