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    >>What Ar Electrolyte Disorders?2>

    Electrolyyte disorders result in an imbalance of mierals in the boy. ForFor the bodody to function properly, certain minerals need tto be maintained in an even en balance. Oe. Otherwise, vital tal body ssystems, such as the mue muscles and brain, can be e negativvely affected.

    ctrolytes refer to mi minerals that include calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphate, potassium, and sodium. They are present in your blood, body fluids, and urine. They are ingested with food, drink, and medicines and supplements.

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    Types of Electrolyte Disorders

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    Elevated levels of an electrolyte begin witith the prefix “hyper-“.nnbsp;Depsp;Depleted levelsof an electrolyte begin with “hypo--“.

    Conditions caused by electrolyte level imbalances include:

    • Calcium >: hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia
    • Chloride: hyperchloremia and hypochochloremia: hyperchloremia and hypochloremia
    • li><Magnesiumtrong>: hypermagnesemia and hypomagnesemiaPhosphate > hyperphosphatemia and hypophosphathatemiaPotassium: hyperkalemia and hypokalemia
    • Sodiumpotassium trong="">: hypernatremia and hyponatremiali>/li>
    • Hpophosphatemia:olittle phophosphate. Causes include: hypomapomagnesemia; mia; hypokalemalemia;ia; severe burns; traumtraumatic injuinjuries; chro chronic allcoholism; kidney disease hypothyrhyroidism; ; alnutritrition; prolorolonged diurdiuretic use./li>Hypophosphatemiastrong>: Too little phosphate. Causes include: hypomagnesemia; hypokalemia; severe burns; traumatic injuries; chronic alcoholism; kidney disease; hypothyroidism; malnutrition; prolonged diuretic use.l>

      Potassiumrong> potassium>

        i>Hypererkalemia/strong>: Too uch potasssiussium. Thishis can be fatal if leleft undiagnosed and untreated. Causes s include: heart attack; kidney fa failure; fasting; intestinal bleeeding; medications such as lithium, beta blockers, ckers, and diuretics. li>
      • Hypokalemia: Too little potassium. Causes include: eating disorders; severe vomiting or diarrhea; kidney disease; adrenal gland problems; severe dehydration; medications such as laxatives, diuretics, and penicillin are also sometimes the cause. Like hyperkalemia, hypokalemia can be life threatening if left untreated.
      • >  
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      • Hypernatremia: Too much sodium. Causes include: excessive sodiumsodium intake from food and drink; inadequate water consumption; dehydration; excessive loss of bodily fluids (from vomiting, diarrhea, or severe burns); medications like corticosteroids and blood pressure medication.
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      Anyone can develop an electrolyte disorder. Some people are more likely to because of their personal health history. For example, people with kidney disease might develop several electrolyte disorders. This is because their kidneys are not able to o filter the minerals as well as healthy kidneys.

      Other conditions that increase a person’s risk include:

      >ul>li>alcoholcoholism and cirrhosis of the liver

      Treatment depends both on which disorder a patient has and what the underlying problem is that causes the imbalance in the first place.

      Treatments that may be used to restore balance:

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      • Intravenous (IV) fluids can help rehydrate the body. This is common in cases of dehydration from vomiting or diarrhea. IV fluids can also deliver medications to help flush excess minerals from the blood and bodily fluids.
      • Oral medications can be used to flush excess minerals from the body quickly.
        • Hemodialysis can remove excess waste from the blood. This is common when the disorder is caused by kidney disease or kidney damage.
        • Supplements can help replace depleted electrolytes on a short-term basis.

        Once the imbalance has been corrected, a doctor will treat the underlying cause. This will prevent future electrolyte imbalances.

        Get More Information About Hypercalcemia

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Article Sources:

  • <Hypophosphatemia. (2012, November 6.)<">Hypophosphatemia. (2012, November 6.) ary f Medicine, National Institutes of Health.;U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Insti
  • Retrieved May 30, 2013 fromnbsp;& > >


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  • McLaughlin SA, McKinney PE. Atacid-induced hypermagnesemia in a patient withhh normal renal ful function and bd bowel obbstruction. (n. (199, March).&nbpharmacotherapy McKinney PE. Antacid-induced hypermagnesemia in a patient with normal renal function and bowel obstruction. (1998, March).&bsp;The Annals of Pharmacotherapy.  2013 fromRetrieved May 30, 2013 fromspan><> >
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