The results of specific glucose tests play a major role in diagnosing diabetes. These tests include:
- Fasting blood glucose test
- Random (non-fasting) glucose test
- Oral glucose tolerance test
- Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
- Urine test
In addition, your physician will review your medical history and your family’s medical history, document your diabetes symptoms or lack of symptoms, and conduct a physical exam before making a diagnosis. Because some people with diabetes may not yet have noticeable symptoms, it’s important to have a regular physical or checkup. Random or fasting blood glucose tests are commonly part of an annual physical for diabetes patients.