Administration of drugs to shrink tumors in patients with cervical cancer is called chemotherapy. Chemotherapy drugs are often administered before surgery, to shrink tumors, or afterwards to rid the body of any remaining cancerous cells.
The most commonly used chemotherapy drug for cervical cancer is cisplatin (Platinol). Cisplatin works by hindering the growth of cancer cells. In treating cervical cancer, cisplatin is often combined with fluorouracil (Adrucil, Carc, Efudex, Flouroplex) or hydroxyurea (Droxia , Hydrea). Other chemotherapy drugs sometimes used in treating cervical cancer include:
- carboplatin (Paraplatin)
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Endoxan, Neosar, Procytox, Revimmune)
- ifosfamide (Ifex, Mitoxana)
- paclitaxel (Abraxane)
Drugs to Treat Side Effects
Drugs may also be prescribed to control the side effects of cancer and its treatment, such as pain, nausea, and sleeplessness.