There are many different disorders and diseases that can affect the brain, but many of them share risk factors. Here are several ways to keep your brain healthy:
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Drink in Moderation
Studies have shown that one drink per day for women and two for men (especially red wine) can protect against dementia. However, heavy alcohol use and binge drinking can cause dementia, stroke, and brain aneurysm.
Control Your Numbers
Those include levels of blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar. High blood pressure and cholesterol levels and poorly controlled diabetes are all associated with Alzheimer's disease, brain aneurysm, and stroke. One way to lower blood pressure and cholesterol is to reduce the amount of sodium and increased the amount of fiber in your diet.
Learn how to eat right for a healthy heart.
Get Screened for Heart Disease
Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is associated with stroke, brain aneurysm, and dementia. In addition, many other heart problems, including arrhythmia, valve defects, and heart infections, increase stroke risk. If you show signs of heart disease your doctor may recommend daily aspirin therapy to reduce your heart attack and stroke risk.
Learn about various different heart and cardiovascular diseases.
Maintain a Healthy Diet
Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and fish contain high amounts of nutrients like antioxidants and fatty acids. Antioxidants are chemicals in fruits and vegetables that protect cells from damage caused by free radical oxygen in the body. Omega-3 fatty acids are chemicals found in large quantities in nuts (especially walnuts) and fatty fish such as salmon and sardines. Fatty acids help reduce blood pressure and cholesterol levels and may reduce brain inflammation and aid in brain function.
Buckle Up and Wear a Helmet
Exercise Your Body
Exercise can lower cholesterol and blood pressure and help maintain a healthy body weight, all of which reduce stroke risk.
Exercise Your Brain
Keeping the brain sharp by interacting with others and engaging in intellectually stimulating activities has been found to prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease.