There is no simple test that will determine if someone has anxiety. The diagnosis is made based on a discussion between physician and patient about symptoms. In some cases, doctors may rely on structured interview questions to help them determined if there is a generalized anxiety disorder present and if medical treatment is appropriate.
Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale
The Zung test is a 20-item questionnaire that asks a patient to rate their anxiety from “a little of the time” to “most of the time” on subjects such as nervousness, anxiety, shaking, rapid heartbeat, fainting, frequent urination, and nightmares. This test is completed by the patient and assessed by a trained professional.
Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A)
Developed in 1959, the Hamilton test was one the first rating scales for anxiety, and it is still widely used in clinical and research settings. It involves 14 questions that rate moods, fears, tension, as well as physical, mental and behavioral traits. Unlike the Zung test, a professional administers the Hamilton test.
There are also several self-evaluations available online, but most of those are for entertainment value and lack clinical significance.
You may want to have a physical examination done to ensure your anxiety is not the sign of a larger problem.
Some physical conditions that may cause anxiety-like symptoms include:
- heart disease
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)