High school is a time of increased independence, both academically and socially, and teens are able to engage in a multitude of activities. As a parent of someone with ADHD, you may think, “Finally, my son or daughter is nearly grown and can be responsible for day to day routines and homework assignments.” While it’s true that some adolescents “grow out” of certain ADHD symptoms, it’s likely that your child will need your help and guidance more than ever in high school.
Classes in most high schools are large and active, allowing more opportunities for distraction or getting lost in the crowd. Teens with ADHD can become frustrated or bored when they have to navigate a large building or sit through long class periods without a break.
Organization and Expectations
Expectations for academic achievement and behavior often differ vastly between high school students and middle or grade school students. A teen with ADHD may struggle in meeting expectations, such as:
- turning in assignments on time
- being organized
- following directions
- managing their time properly
- seeking assistance when necessary
- understanding how grades are calculated
In high school, students are expected to develop their own study habits and be motivated to work independently. However, a student with ADHD may feel helpless and not know where to begin. In addition, they may not be able to understand the direct relationship between good study habits and good grades.
What You Can Do to Help Your Teen Academically
- Communicate with your teen’s teachers. If possible, schedule a meeting at the beginning of the school year to discuss concerns and make a plan to help your child succeed. If you have an IEP or Section 504 plan, make sure the teachers know about it. If it needs to be modified, call a meeting with your team.
- If your teen takes medication, make sure that he or she takes it as prescribed.
- Review your child’s schedule to determine which classes might be the most challenging regarding course work, size, and location in the building.
- Monitor your teen’s academic progress. If the school has an online system that tracks grades and assignments, make sure you and your teen can access it. Have your teen login daily and discuss upcoming tests and assignments. If the school doesn’t have an automated system, create a calendar or use a planner to track assignments.
- Teach your teen good study habits and remain involved with what is going on in their classes.
- The effect that assignments and tests have on a teen’s grades can be confusing because each teacher may have a different grading system. Go over assignment scores and show your teen how grades are calculated and how to track them.
- If you notice that your teen is struggling academically, find them a tutor.
Social Challenges for Teens with ADHD
High school can also present social challenges for teens with ADHD. Although symptoms of hyperactivity may decrease, teens with ADHD are likely to be inattentive and impulsive. This can affect other areas of their social lives, such as dating and driving.
Taking risks is a hallmark of teenage years. A teen with ADHD is often impulsive and may not be able to comprehend the consequences of risk-taking behavior. Talk to your child about sex, sexually transmitted diseases, and other facets of the dating experience.
Driving can be a particular challenge for teenagers with ADHD. According to a 2007 study conducted by researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina and the University of Virginia, teens with ADHD are two to four times more likely to have an accident than teens without ADHD (Barkley & Cox 2007).
Experts recommend delaying licensing until you’re sure your teen is ready. Your child should take a driver’s education class or seek help from a trained professional. Teens with ADHD need more time than other kids to practice and master driving requirements, so don’t rush the licensing process.
Alcohol and Substance Abuse
Children with ADHD have a higher risk of abusing substances later in life. Experimenting and exposure to illicit substances may begin in high school, so have a serious discussion about the temptations and dangers of substance abuse. Watch out for warning signs of drug abuse, and know what your teen is doing during social outings.