The Most Addictive Prescription Drugs on the Market

Written by Brian Krans | Published on May 16, 2011
Medically Reviewed by George T. Krucik, MD, MBA on May 16, 2011

Prescription Drug Addictions

Just because pills are prescribed by a doctor and administered by a pharmacy, that doesn’t mean they are safe for everyone. As prescription numbers continue to rise, the chance for prescription drug abuse rises as well.

Learn about the most addictive prescription drugs, including Adderall, Xanax, Codeine, amphetamines, and more. Read on to begin learning about specific drugs that are commonly misused.

Types of Commonly Abused Drugs

The most widely abused pharmaceuticals fall into three categories:

  • Opioids: These produce a sought-after euphoric effect due to their pain killing abilities for short-term or chronic pain.
  • Central nervous system depressants: Also called tranquillizers and depressants, these include barbituates and benzodiazepines, some of the most abused drugs. They have a calming, relaxing effect, like a warm blanket on the brain.
  • Stimulants: This class increases brain activity, thereby increasing alertness and energy.

Xanax

Xanax (alprazolam) is a benzodiazepine prescribed to treat panic disorder and serious anxiety. It calms a person by depressing his or her abnormal central nervous system. Those without a prescription may abuse the drug for its fast-acting sedating and relaxing effects. The Drug Abuse Warning Network says Xanax is the most abused drug for these reasons.

Klonopin & Valium

Much like Xanax, Klonopin and Valium are often misused for their sedative effects. These “highs” can feel similar to the effects of alcohol, including feelings of drunkenness, talkativeness, and relaxation.

Due to these favorable traits, Klonopin, Valium, and other benzodiazepines can be extremely habit-forming, cause blackouts, and even death by overdose. It is not uncommon for Xanax, Klonopin, and Valium to be taken in conjunction with other drugs. 

Oxycodone

Oxycodone, sold commonly as OxyContin and Percocet, is an opioid that changes the way the brain and central nervous system respond to pain. It creates a euphoric, sedative effect.

Often likened to heroin, Oxycodone is prescribed by doctors about six million times a year. Because these pills can cost hundreds of dollars a pill, addicts often have to steal to afford the habit. 

Demerol & Darvocet

Like Oxycodone, Demerol and Darvocet are commonly abused painkillers. The danger in these, besides the immediate side effects, is that users often develop a tolerance to the drugs’ effects and will increase their dosage. Often, this leads to painful and possibly even violent withdrawal symptoms.

In 2010, Darvocet was pulled off the market in the United States because it was found to lead to heart complications in patients. 

Codeine (Purple Drank)

Codeine is often combined with other medications to reduce coughing and pain. This opiate is commonly found in prescription-strength cough syrup. When consumed in high quantities, Codeine-based cough syrup has a sedative effect and can cause altered levels of consciousness.

Codeine cough syrup is the base for “purple drank” or “sizzurp,” a concoction made with soda and candy that was popularized in some early 2000s hip-hop music. 

Amphetamines (Speed)

Simply known as speed, amphetamines are prescribed for conditions such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy where focus and wakefulness are needed to combat symptoms. However, they have been historically misused for their energizing capabilities.

It’s most commonly misused today under the brand name Adderall by those who need to skip on sleep, such as truck drivers, college students working on deadlines, and shift workers.  

Ritalin

Similar to Adderall, Ritalin is a stimulant that affects the central nervous system by increasing levels of dopamine—a hormone that heightens attention—in the brain. As with other stimulants, it can be habit forming.

One reason Ritalin and other ADHD drugs are so commonly abused is their availability. In 2005, doctors prescribed Ritalin and similar drugs more than 29 million times, and that number continues to rise.

Helping Loved Ones With Prescription Drug Addictions

If you suspect someone you love is abusing one of these medications, it’s important to get them help, which may include counseling or rehabilitation. Anti-anxiety drug abuse is the most common type, especially among teens and people under the age of 30. Learn more about addiction

If you’ve discovered pills in your home, try Healthline’s Pill Identifier to determine what prescription medication it may be. 

Was this article helpful? Yes No

Thank you.

Your message has been sent.

We're sorry, an error occurred.

We are unable to collect your feedback at this time. However, your feedback is important to us. Please try again later.

Recommended for You

The Best Alcoholism iPhone & Android Apps of the Year
The Best Alcoholism iPhone & Android Apps of the Year
Whether you’re trying to remain sober, cut back, or just get a handle on you’re drinking, these mobile apps can help.
The Best Quit Smoking iPhone & Android Apps of the Year
The Best Quit Smoking iPhone & Android Apps of the Year
This collection of top-rated apps just might be what you need to stop smoking. Take a look, and click, tap, and swipe your way to better health.
The Best Alcoholism Health Blogs of the Year
The Best Alcoholism Health Blogs of the Year
Whether you are fighting the courageous battle or want to help someone you care about, read these excellent blogs for information, helpful stories, and more.
The Best Quit Smoking Blogs of the Year
The Best Quit Smoking Blogs of the Year
Read through these blogs, diaries, and sites for guidance on kicking the habit for good. Soon you’ll be able to say, “So long, cigarettes!”
Hepatitis C: Your Support Options
Hepatitis C: Your Support Options
You’re not alone in dealing with hepatitis C. Learn more about your support options and the communities that are out there for patients and their families.
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement