What Are Abdominal Pain and Frequent Urination?

    Abdominal pain is pain that originates between the chest and the pelvis. Abdominal pain can be cramp-like, achy, dull, or sharp. It is often called stomachache.

    Frequent urination is needing to urinate more often than is normal for you. There is a wide range of normal frequency of urination. If you find yourself having to go noticeably more often than your usual and you have not changed your behavior (for instance, increasing your fluid intake), this is considered frequent urination. Urinating more than 2.5 liters of fluid per day is considered excessive (MedlinePlus).

    What Causes Abdominal Pain and Frequent Urination?

    These symptoms may indicate that you have drunk a liquid that upset your stomach. The combined symptoms of abdominal pain and frequent urination are common in a number of conditions related to the urinary tract, cardiovascular system, or reproductive system. In these cases, other symptoms are usually present.

    Common causes of abdominal pain and frequent urination include:

    • anxiety
    • drinking excess alcohol or caffeinated beverages
    • diabetes
    • pregnancy
    • right-sided heart failure
    • a sexually transmitted infection (STI)
    • a urinary tract infection (UTI)
    • a vaginal infection

    When to Seek Medical Help

    Seek medical help if your symptoms are severe and last more than 24 hours.

    Also seek medical help if abdominal pain and frequent urination are accompanied by:

    • uncontrollable vomiting
    • blood in the urine or stool
    • sudden shortness of breath
    • chest pain

    Seek immediate medical treatment if you experience these symptoms or are pregnant and your abdominal pain is severe or cramping.

    Make an appointment with a doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

    • abdominal pain that lasts longer than 24 hours
    • appetite loss
    • excessive thirst
    • fever
    • pain upon urination
    • unusual discharge from your penis or vagina
    • urination issues that affect your lifestyle
    • urine that is unusual or extremely foul-smelling

    (This information is a summary. Seek medical attention if you suspect you need urgent care.)

    How Are Abdominal Pain and Frequent Urination Treated?

    If abdominal pain and frequent urination are due to something you drank, symptoms should subside within one day.

    Infections are typically treated with antibiotics.

    Rare and more severe conditions, such as right-sided heart failure, are treated with more intense regimens.

    Home Care

    Monitoring your fluid intake can help you determine whether you are urinating appropriately given the amount of fluid you are drinking. However, if your symptoms are due to a UTI, increasing your fluid intake may help to sweep harmful bacteria through your urinary tract.

    For other symptom-related conditions, talk to a medical professional about the best course of at-home treatment.

    How Can I Prevent Abdominal Pain and Frequent Urination?

    While not all causes of abdominal pain and frequent urination are preventable, you can avoid beverages that commonly upset people’s stomachs, such as alcoholic drinks and caffeinated drinks.

    Always using condoms during sexual intercourse or participating in a monogamous sexual relationship can reduce the risk of contracting an STI. Practicing good hygiene and wearing clean, dry underwear can help prevent a UTI.

    Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly may also help prevent these symptoms.