9 Tips to Prevent Prostate Cancer

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  • The Facts of Prostate Cancer

    The Facts of Prostate Cancer

    The prostate, an organ located under the bladder, produces semen. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men in the United States. The risk of developing prostate cancer progressively increases with age. 

    Out of every 100 men over the age of 60, six will have prostate cancer before their 70th birthday, according to the CDC.

    There’s no absolute prostate cancer prevention, but evidence suggests diet plays a key role. Keep reading for diet tips and more information.

  • Tomatoes and Other Red Foods

    Tomatoes and Other Red Foods

    Tomatoes, watermelon, and other red foods owe their bright color to a powerful antioxidant called lycopene. Studies show that men who consume this fruit and tomato-based products have a lower risk of prostate cancer than those who don’t. 

    Other findings suggest that cooking tomatoes makes it easier for your body to absorb lycopene. The redder the tomato, the better because lycopene accumulates during ripening. That means that pale, store-bought tomatoes that are picked too early have less lycopene than vine-ripened tomatoes.

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  • The Power of Fruits and Veggies

    The Power of Fruits and Veggies

    Nutrients and vitamins contained in fruits and vegetables may lower your risk of getting prostate cancer. Green vegetables contain compounds that help your body break down cancer-causing substances called carcinogens. A nutrient-rich diet may also help slow the spread of cancer. 

    By eating fruits and vegetables throughout the day, you’ll be less likely to fill up on processed junk food. 

  • Feast on Fish

    Feast on Fish

    Fatty acid, known as omega-3, may help reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer. Omega-3 is found in certain fish including sardines, tuna, mackerel, trout, and salmon.

    Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, found that when compared to a high-fat diet, eating a low-fat diet and taking fish oil supplements slows the growth of prostate cancer cells. It’s easier to treat cancer that hasn’t yet spread outside the prostate.

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  • Soybean and Tea

    Soybean and Tea

    According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), a nutrient called isoflavones has been linked to a reduced risk of prostate cancer. Isoflavones are found in: 

    • tofu (made from soybeans)
    • chickpeas
    • lentils
    • alfalfa sprouts
    • peanuts 

    Some studies have shown that men who drink green tea, or take green tea extract supplements, have a lower risk of prostate cancer than those who don’t.

  • The Role of Fat

    The Role of Fat

    Studies indicate a link between animal fats and an increased risk of prostate cancer. In addition to meat, animal fats are found in lard, butter, and cheese. Whenever possible, replace animal-based fats with plant-based fats. 

    This, instead of that: 

    • olive oil instead of butter
    • fruit instead of candy
    • fresh vegetables instead of prepackaged foods
    • nuts or seeds instead of cheese

    Also, overcooking meat produces carcinogens, so be careful not to over-cook your meat.

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  • Stop Smoking

    Stop Smoking

    Prostate cancer patients who smoke are more likely to have a recurrence of the disease, says the ACS. Smokers are also more likely to have an aggressive form of prostate cancer.

    It's not too late to quit. When compared with current smokers, prostate cancer patients who quit smoking for more than 10 years had the same mortality risk as those who never smoked.

  • Controversial Foods

    Controversial Foods

    Folate

    Some studies suggest that low folate levels in your blood increase your risk for cancer, says the National Cancer Institute. Folate is found in a variety of foods, including green vegetables, beans, and orange juice. Increasing your intake of these foods may reduce the risk of prostate cancer. However, supplementing with folic acid, a man-made form of folate, may increase the risk of cancer.

    Dairy

    Some studies have linked dairy products, or diets high in calcium, with an increased risk of prostate cancer, but this risk is considered minimal.

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  • The Importance of Exercise

    The Importance of Exercise

    Too much fat, especially in the middle of your body, is linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer.

    Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight. Benefits of exercise include increased muscle mass and better metabolism. Try:

    • walking
    • running
    • bicycling
    • swimming 

    Exercise doesn't have to be boring. Vary your routine and invite your friends to participate. You're more likely to workout if it's fun.

  • Talk To Your Doctor

    Talk To Your Doctor

    Ask your doctor about your risk for developing prostate cancer. Some points to discuss include:

    • what medical screening tests you should have as you age
    • family history of cancer
    • dietary recommendations 

    Tell your doctor if you’re just beginning a new exercise program, or if you have the following symptoms: 

    • discomfort anywhere in your pelvic or rectal areas
    • difficulty urinating
    • blood in your urine or semen
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