Cancer is expensive.
Diagnosis and treatment can cost tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of dollars. But that’s just the beginning.
Cancer survivors continue to rack up higher medical bills every year following treatment. They also face employment issues that can affect income for the rest of their lives.
Figures from a recent study are a sobering reminder of this reality, especially because today is National Cancer Survivors Day.
Using data from the 2008 to 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, researchers analyzed expenses for survivors of the three most common types of cancer. The team compared expenses of 540 colorectal, 1,568 breast, and 1,170 prostate cancer survivors to more than 100,000 people who never had cancer.
Results were compiled separately for nonelderly (age 18 to 64) and older adults (65 and up) survivors.
In the younger group, the yearly financial burden for colorectal cancer survivors was $20,238. Expenses totaled $14,202 for breast cancer survivors. For prostate cancer survivors, expenses added up to $9,278.
In the older adult group, the total annual burden for colorectal cancer survivors was $18,860. For breast cancer survivors, it was $14,351. The burden for prostate cancer survivors was $16,851.
Totals included medical costs and loss of productivity at home and at work. Lost productivity at home involved days spent in bed. Lost productivity at work had to do with employment disability and missed workdays.
Younger colorectal and breast cancer survivors were more affected by employment disability and lost productivity. When older survivors were compared to those who never had cancer, lost productivity was not a major factor.
Zhiyuan “Jason” Zheng led the research. The study abstract was presented at the May meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
How Cancer Expenses Add Up
Some of the economic burden falls on health insurers. Survivors shoulder the rest. If you can’t work and your health insurance is tied to your job, it’s a big problem. And it can affect the whole family.
“Most people don’t realize that typically one parent may have to quit his or her job to care for the child with cancer,” said Larissa Linton, co-founder and executive director of the nonprofit Heroes for Children. “On top of treatment costs, bills easily pile up for out-of-pocket expenses, including copays, prescriptions, meals eaten out, and travel to and from the hospital.”
V.J. Sleight of La Quinta, California, was self-employed but couldn’t work during treatment. The two-time breast cancer survivor was forced to sell possessions, move to cheaper housing, and accept money from her parents.
“The burden is considerable,” she told Healthline.
It’s a problem that continued long after her treatment ended.
“For about five years after chemo, I was not as mentally sharp as I was before. It really affected my ability and confidence in business situations,” she said.
Sleight gave up on her own business to accept lower paying work.
Cancer survivors remain on the alert for signs of recurrence. That’s an emotional burden. And it comes at a price.
“The long-term effects of cancer are always creeping up,” said Haralee Weintraub of Portland, Oregon.
The 13-year breast cancer survivor told Healthline even a cough that won’t go away is suspect. It requires more attention in a cancer patient than a non-cancer patient.
More visits to the doctor and more testing also require more money.
Health Insurance Doesn’t Cover It All
Health insurance is a big issue for survivors. Having a policy doesn’t mean all your expenses are covered.
Sleight decided to skip chemotherapy the second time around. At least part of that decision had to do with her yearly $9,000 deductible.
Cancer survivors without a group policy have more choices now than before the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Still, choosing a new health insurance plan requires extra thought.
“A cancer survivor can’t take out the cheapest plan, the one with the highest deductible, or the one with the skimpiest pharmacy benefit. Because … what if?” said Weintraub.
She appreciates the ACA provision that cancer survivors can no longer be denied coverage or charged extreme premiums.
Added expenses crop up in unexpected places. Lost productivity at home often means hiring help for cleaning and household chores. Driving time can increase, leading to a transportation expense. Families stretched for time and energy may eat out more often.
Breast cancer survivors may have added expenses for clothing due to mastectomy and reconstruction. Women who don’t have reconstruction have the expense of prosthetic breasts and special undergarments for life.
The full economic impact is difficult to measure. Expenses vary with the type of cancer, age, and other individual factors.
According to the American Cancer Society, there are about 13.7 million cancer survivors in the United States. It is estimated there will be almost 18 million by 2022.
As that number grows, so does the need to ease the economic burden.