The latest report from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) presents selected health measures for children under 18 years of age, by sex, age, race, family structure, parent education, family income, poverty status, health insurance coverage, etc. The topics covered are asthma, allergies, learning disability, ADHD, prescription medication use, self-reported health status, school days missed, and various measures of health and dental care. The interviewed sample for 22006 consisted of 29,204 households, which yielded 75,7116 people in 29,868 families. Within these families, data was collected on 8,837 children under the age of 18.
The highlights for children under 18 years old include:
14% have been diagnosed with asthma (boys, black children, and poor children were more likely to have been diagnosed);
13% of children take a prescription medication regularly for a health condition;
10% had no health insurance coverage;
8% have a learning disability;
7% of children had unmet dental needs (37% of uninsured children had no dental care within two years);
7% of children had ADHD (boys are twice as likely as girls to receive this diagnosis);and
5% of children missed 11 or more days of school in the past year due to illness or injury (children in single-mother families were more than twice as likely to miss > 11 days of school compared with children in two-parent families).