The Fitness Fixer
The Fitness Fixer

Happy Independence Day 2009

WASHINGTON - MARCH 29:   The Tuskegee Airmen s...

The 4th of July is a holiday in the United States to thank and remember the work and sacrifice made for independence. Thank you to all who pick up litter, help the poor, enrich the soil, teach the children, breathe and smile in traffic instead of shooting each other, who don't pollute the economy, the waters, the lives of children and adults.

The Pledge of Allegiance is an oath of loyalty to the nation of the United States of America that every American school child learns.

The original pledge, written in 1892 was deliberately direct and short:

"I Pledge Allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation indivisible with liberty and justice for all."

The writer, Francis Bellamy, wanted the words "equality for all" included. According to some sources, that phrase and idea was opposed as that might include minority men and all women.

In 1923, "to the Flag of the United States" was added so all (immigrants and others) understood who they were pledging to. The words "of America" were added a year later. The phrase "under God" was not added until the 1950s.

Pledge of Allegiance Tour: Live Concert Record...

American freedoms have meant protests by groups who refuse to pledge, including Jehovah's Witnesses and other religious groups, plus those who don't like the grammar.

For the big picture, we pledge and remember that Liberty and Justice is for All.


Dr. Jolie Bookspan, The Fitness Fixer wishes everyone a happy 4th of July.

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Photo 1, thanks to Getty Images via Daylife. Tuskegee Airmen say the pledge of allegiance in a Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony in the Rotunda of the United States Capitol on March 29, 2007
Photo 2 funny album cover Image via Wikipedia
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About the Author


Dr. Bookspan is an award-winning scientist whose goal is to make exercise easier and healthier.