Drugs A - Z

Triazolam Oral tablet

It is used to treat insomnia

Generic Name: triazolam

Brand Names: Halcion

What is this medicine?

TRIAZOLAM (trye AY zoe lam) is a benzodiazepine. It is used to treat insomnia. This medicine helps you to sleep. It is only for short-term use, and should generally be used for no more than 2 to 3 weeks.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • an alcohol or drug abuse problem
  • bipolar disorder, depression, psychosis or other mental health condition
  • kidney or liver disease
  • lung or breathing disease
  • suicidal thoughts
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to triazolam, other benzodiazepines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. It is only for use at bedtime. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. If you have been taking this medicine regularly for some time, do not suddenly stop taking it. You must gradually reduce the dose or you may get severe side effects. Ask your doctor or health care professional for advice. Even after you stop taking this medicine it can still affect your body for several days.

A special MedGuide will be given to you by the pharmacist with each prescription and refill. Be sure to read this information carefully each time.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following:
  • medicines for fungal infections like itraconazole or ketoconazole
  • nefazodone
  • some medicines for HIV infection or AIDS

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • cimetidine
  • cyclosporine
  • ergotamine
  • female hormones, including contraceptive or birth control pills
  • isoniazid
  • grapefruit juice
  • medicines for depression, mental problems or psychiatric disturbances
  • prescription pain medicines
  • ranitidine
  • some antibiotics like clarithromycin, erythromycin, troleandomycin
  • some medicines for colds, hay fever or other allergies
  • some medicines for high blood pressure or heart problems like amiodarone, diltiazem, nicardipine, nifedipine, verapamil
  • some medicines for seizures like carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, and primidone

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress. This medicine is for short-term periods of use. Keep a regular sleep schedule by going to bed at about the same time nightly. Avoid caffeine-containing drinks in the evening hours. When sleep medicines are used every night for more than a few weeks, they may stop working. Talk to your doctor if you still have trouble sleeping.

Do not take this medicine unless you are able to get a full night's sleep before you must be active again. You may not be able to remember things that you do in the hours after you take this medicine. Some people have reported driving, making phone calls, or preparing and eating food while asleep after taking sleep medicine. Take this medicine right before going to sleep. Tell your doctor if you are have any problems with your memory.

Your body can become dependent on this medicine, ask your doctor or health care professional if you still need to take it.

You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells. Alcohol may interfere with the effect of this medicine. Avoid alcoholic drinks.

Do not treat yourself for coughs, colds or allergies without asking your doctor or health care professional for advice.

Women should inform their doctor if they wish to become pregnant or think they might be pregnant. There is a potential for serious side effects to an unborn child. Talk to your health care professional or pharmacist for more information.


Last Updated: September 03, 2009
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