Drugs A - Z
Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Oral tablet
Generic Name: tenofovir
Brand Names: Viread
What is this medicine?TENOFOVIR (te NOE fo veer) is an antiretroviral medicine. It is used with other medicines to treat hepatitis B virus and HIV. This medicine is not a cure for hepatitis B or HIV. It will not stop the spread of hepatitis B or HIV to others.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
- bone problems
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- an unusual or allergic reaction to tenofovir, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
- pregnant or trying to get pregnant
How should I use this medicine?Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You may take this medicine with or without food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. For your treatment to work as well as possible, take each dose exactly as prescribed. Do not skip doses or stop your medicine even if you feel better. Skipping doses may make the HIV virus resistant to this medicine and other medicines. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 years for selected conditions, precautions do apply.
What if I miss a dose?If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
What may interact with this medicine?Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
- certain antiviral medicines for HIV or AIDS like emtricitabine; tenofovir or emtricitabine; rilpivirine; tenofovir or efavirenz; emtricitabine; tenofovir or cobicistat; elvitegravir; emtricitabine; tenofovir
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
- didanosine, ddI
- lopinavir; ritonavir
- medicines for viral infections like cidofovir, acyclovir, valacyclovir, ganciclovir, valganciclovir
What should I watch for while using this medicine?Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine.
Hepatitis B and HIV are spread to others through sexual or blood contact. Talk to your doctor about how to stop the spread of hepatitis B and HIV.
If you have hepatitis B, talk to your doctor if you plan to stop this medicine. The symptoms of hepatitis B may get worse if you stop this medicine.
Using this medicine for a long time may increase your risk of low bone mass. Talk to your doctor about bone health.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
- allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
- bone pain or breaks
- breathing difficulties
- dark urine, trouble passing urine, or change in the amount of urine
- dizziness, lightheadedness
- fast, irregular heartbeat
- feeling cold, especially in the arms and legs
- general ill feeling or flu-like symptoms
- light-colored stools
- right upper belly pain
- suicidal thoughts or other mood changes
- unusually weak or tired
- unusual muscle pain
- yellowing of the eyes or skin
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
- loss of appetite
- nausea, vomiting
- stomach pain
- trouble sleeping
- weight gain around waist, back, or thinning of face, arms, legs
Where should I keep my medicine?Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature between 15 to 30 degrees C (59 to 86 degrees F). Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.