Drugs A - Z
Rosiglitazone Maleate Oral tablet
Generic Name: rosiglitazone
Brand Names: Avandia
What is this medicine?ROSIGLITAZONE (roe si GLI ta zone) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
- diabetic ketoacidosis
- heart disease
- heart failure
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- macular edema
- polycystic ovary syndrome
- swelling of the arms, legs, or feet
- taking insulin
- taking nitrates for chest pain
- an unusual or allergic reaction to rosiglitazone, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
- pregnant or trying to get pregnant
How should I use this medicine?Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take this medicine with or without food. Take your medicine at the same time each day. Do not take more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice.
A special MedGuide will be given to you by the pharmacist with each prescription and refill. Be sure to read this information carefully each time.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
What if I miss a dose?If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
What may interact with this medicine?
- nitrates like amyl nitrite, isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide mononitrate, nitroglycerin
- other medicines for diabetes, especially insulin
Many medications may cause an increase or decrease in blood sugar, these include:
- alcohol containing beverages
- aspirin and aspirin-like drugs
- female hormones, like estrogens or progestins and birth control pills
- heart medicines
- male hormones or anabolic steroids
- medicines for weight loss
- medicines for allergies, asthma, cold, or cough
- medicines for mental problems
- medicines called MAO Inhibitors like Nardil, Parnate, Marplan, Eldepryl
- NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen
- quinolone antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin
- some herbal dietary supplements
- steroid medicines like prednisone or cortisone
- thyroid medicine
What should I watch for while using this medicine?Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress.
Your health care professional will have to check blood tests regularly to assess the effect of this medication on your liver.
Learn how to check your blood sugar. Learn the symptoms of low and high blood sugar and how to manage them.
If you have low blood sugar, eat or drink something that has sugar. Make sure others know to get medical help quickly if you have serious symptoms of low blood sugar, like if you become unconscious or have a seizure.
This medicine may increase your risk of having some heart problems. Get medical help right away if you have any chest pain or tightness, or pain that radiates to the jaw or down the arm, and shortness of breath. These may be signs of a serious medical condition.
This medicine may cause ovulation in premenopausal women who do not have regular monthly periods. This may increase your chances of becoming pregnant. You should not take this medicine if you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant. Talk with your doctor or health care professional about your birth control options while taking this medicine. Contact your doctor or health care professional right away if think you are pregnant.
If you need surgery or if you will need a procedure with contrast drugs, tell your doctor or health care professional that you are taking this medicine.
Wear a medical identification bracelet or chain to say you have diabetes, and carry a card that lists all your medications.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
- allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
- bone or joint pain
- breathing problems
- chest pain or tightness
- dark urine
- loss of appetite, nausea
- low blood sugar (ask your doctor or healthcare professional for a list of these symptoms)
- pain that radiates to the jaw or down the arm
- redness, blistering, peeling or loosening of the skin, including inside the mouth
- sudden weight gain
- swelling of the ankles, feet, hands
- unusually weak or tired
- yellowing of the eyes or skin
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
- back ache
- right upper belly pain
Where should I keep my medicine?Keep out of the reach of children
Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F). Keep container tightly closed and protect from light. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.