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Misoprostol Oral tablet

It helps to prevent stomach ulcers in patients who take medicines like ibuprofen and aspirin and who... more

Generic Name: misoprostol  |  Brand Name: Cytotec

Brand Names: Cytotec

There is an FDA Alert for this drug. Click here to view it.

What is this medicine?

MISOPROSTOL (mye soe PROST ole) helps to prevent stomach ulcers in patients who take medicines like ibuprofen and aspirin and who are at high risk of complications from ulcers.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • Crohn's disease
  • heart disease
  • kidney disease
  • ulcerative colitis
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to misoprostol, prostaglandins, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth with a full glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take this medicine with food.Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

  • antacids

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Do not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol. These increase irritation to your stomach and can make it more susceptible to damage from medicine like ibuprofen and aspirin.

If you are female, do not use this medicine if you are pregnant. Do not get pregnant while taking this medicine and for at least one month (one full menstrual cycle) after stopping this medicine. If you can become pregnant, use a reliable form of birth control while taking this medicine. Talk to your doctor about birth control options. If you do become pregnant, think you are pregnant, or want to become pregnant, immediately call your doctor for advice.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • chest pain
  • fainting spells
  • severe diarrhea
  • sudden shortness of breath
  • unusual vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, or cramping

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • menstrual irregularity, spotting, or cramps
  • mild diarrhea
  • nausea
  • stomach upset or cramps

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature below 25 degrees C (77 degrees F). Keep in a dry place. Protect from moisture. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.


Last Updated: December 01, 2009
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