Drugs A - Z

Ibuprofen Oral drops, suspension

It can ease minor aches and pains caused by a cold, flu, sore throat, headache, or toothache

Generic Name: ibuprofen  |  Brand Name: Genpril

There is an FDA Alert for this drug. Click here to view it.

    Cardiovascular Risk
  • Possible increased risk of serious (sometimes fatal) cardiovascular thrombotic events (e.g., MI, stroke). Risk may increase with duration of use. Individuals with cardiovascular disease or risk factors for cardiovascular disease may be at increased risk. (See Cardiovascular Effects under Cautions.)
  • Contraindicated for the treatment of pain in the setting of CABG surgery.

    GI Risk
  • Increased risk of serious (sometimes fatal) GI events (e.g., bleeding, ulceration, perforation of the stomach or intestine). Serious GI events can occur at any time and may not be preceded by warning signs and symptoms. Geriatric individuals are at greater risk for serious GI events. (See GI Effects under Cautions.)

What is this medicine?

IBUPROFEN (eye BYOO proe fen) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It can ease minor aches and pains caused by a cold, flu, sore throat, headache, or toothache. It is used to treat fever or pain for a short time.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • asthma
  • heart disease
  • kidney disease
  • liver disease
  • sore throat with high fever, headache, nausea or vomiting
  • stomach bleeding or ulcers
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to ibuprofen, aspirin, other NSAIDs, other medicines, foods, dyes or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the package label. Read the directions on the package label very carefully. Use the child's weight or age to find the correct dose. Shake well before using. Use the dropper provided in the package. Do not use any other dosing device. Give with food or a drink to prevent throat burning. If this medicine upsets the stomach, give with food or milk. Do NOT give more than directed. Doses should not be given more than 4 times in one day.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 6 months old for selected conditions, precautions do apply.

What if I miss a dose?

If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for the next dose, give only that dose. Do not give double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
  • cidofovir
  • ketorolac
  • methotrexate
  • pemetrexed

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • alcohol
  • aspirin
  • diuretics
  • lithium
  • other drugs for inflammation like prednisone
  • warfarin

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Tell your doctor or healthcare professional if your symptoms do not start to get better or if they get worse.

Do not take other medicines that contain aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen with this medicine. Side effects such as stomach upset, nausea, or ulcers may be more likely to occur. Many medicines available without a prescription should not be taken with this medicine.

This medicine can cause ulcers and bleeding in the stomach and intestines at any time during treatment. Ulcers and bleeding can happen without warning symptoms and can cause death. To reduce your risk, do not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol while you are taking this medicine.

This medicine can cause you to bleed more easily. Try to avoid damage to your teeth and gums when you brush or floss your teeth.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • no improvement in 1st day
  • pain or fever lasts more than 3 days
  • redness, swelling or pus in the painful area
  • severe stomach pain or burning, pain in throat
  • signs of bleeding - pinpoint red spots on skin, black stools or vomit, blood in urine, unusual tiredness, weakness
  • sore throat that lasts or with high fever, nausea, vomiting
  • swelling of feet or ankles
  • yellowing of eyes or skin

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • bruising
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness, drowsiness
  • headache
  • nausea, vomiting


Last Updated: December 20, 2010
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