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Barium Sulfate Rectal enema, suspension

It is a contrast agent that is used to diagnose problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

Generic Name: barium sulfate  |  Brand Name: Barosphere

What is this medicine?

BARIUM SULFATE (BA ree um SUL fate) is a contrast agent that is used to diagnose problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • asthma
  • eczema or a history of significant allergies
  • intestinal blockage or perforation
  • intestinal or stomach cancer
  • recent rectal biopsy
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to barium sulfate, latex, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

This medicine is given rectally as an enema. Your health care professional will tell you how to prepare for your test. If you have not received instructions or if you do not understand them, check with your health care professional before the test.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?

If you cannot follow the steps to prepare for your test, tell your health care professional. The test may need to be re-scheduled.

What may interact with this medicine?

Interactions are not expected. You may or may not be able to take your regular medications during the time of preparation for your procedure. Ask your doctor or health care professional for advice.

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Follow all instructions of your health care professional to properly prepare for your test. Serious side effects of the test are rare, but report an unexplained fever, blood in the stool, or significant abdominal pain promptly.

After the test, drink plenty of water to help avoid constipation and to help flush the barium out. You may have light or white stools for a few days after the test. Your stools will go back to normal color within a few days.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • bloating
  • breathing problems
  • chest tightness
  • nausea or vomiting
  • stomach or lower abdominal pain

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • constipation
  • cramping
  • diarrhea

Where should I keep my medicine?

This does not apply. You will not be given this medicine to store at home.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.


Last Updated: March 19, 2009
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