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Amphetamine Salts Oral capsule, extended release

It is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Generic Name: amphetamine-dextroamphetamine  |  Brand Name: Adderall

Brand Names: Adderall XR, Adderall

What is this medicine?

AMPHETAMINE; DEXTROAMPHETAMINE (am FET a meen; dex troe am FET a meen) is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Federal law prohibits giving this medicine to any person other than the person for whom it was prescribed. Do not share this medicine with anyone else.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • glaucoma
  • hardening or blockages of the arteries or heart blood vessels
  • heart disease or a heart defect
  • high blood pressure
  • history of alcohol or drug abuse
  • history of stroke
  • over-active thyroid gland
  • psychotic illness, depressed mood, or suicidal thoughts
  • recent weight loss
  • seizure disorder
  • Tourette's syndrome
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to dextroamphetamine, other amphetamines, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. This medicine is taken just one time per day, usually in the morning after waking up. Take with or without food. Do not chew or crush this medicine. You may open the capsules and sprinkle the medicine onto a spoon of applesauce. If sprinkled on applesauce, take the dose immediately and do not crush or chew. Always drink a glass of water or other liquid after taking this medicine. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.

A special MedGuide will be given to you by the pharmacist with each prescription and refill. Be sure to read this information carefully each time.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 6 years for selected conditions, precautions do apply.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
  • alcohol
  • certain migraine headache medicines like almotriptan, eletriptan, frovatriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, sumatriptan, zolmitriptan
  • lithium
  • medicines called MAO inhibitors like Nardil, Parnate, Marplan, Eldepryl
  • medicines to decrease appetite or cause weight loss
  • melatonin
  • meperidine
  • other stimulant medications like dexmethylphenidate, methylphenidate, modafinil
  • pimozide
  • procarbazine

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • acetazolamide
  • ammonium chloride
  • ascorbic acid
  • glutamic acid
  • medicines for colds, sinus, and breathing difficulties
  • medicines for depression, anxiety, or psychotic disturbances
  • medicines for high blood pressure and heart medicines
  • medicines for seizures
  • medicines for stomach acid
  • medicines that treat or prevent blood clots like warfarin
  • methenamine
  • narcotic pain relievers
  • norepinephrine
  • sodium acid phosphate
  • sodium bicarbonate


Last Updated: March 14, 2012
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