Peer review of health services consists of an evaluation in which practicing physicians or other health professionals assess the quality of health care delivered by another health professional. Typically, the subject and the reviewer have comparable levels of training, credentials, and experience. Care is evaluated on a case-by-case basis, and quality determination usually involves a degree of professional judgment. The process of peer review purports to measure quality, though, historically, most systematic, large-scale peer review efforts have had poor reliability. Modern methods of health care quality
CHARLES P. SCHADE
Nash, D. B.; Markson, L. E.; Howell, S.; and Hildreth, E. A. (1993). "Evaluating the Competence of Physicians in Practice: From Peer Review to Performance Assessment." Academic Medicine 68 (Supp. 2):19–22.