A license is a permit granted by a government to carry out a regulated activity. Licensing is the most common form and method of health regulation. Most licensing in the United States is done by the states under their police powers. A state legislature must pass a law requiring a license to engage in a specific activity, such as practicing medicine or preparing food. The statute delegates the power to establish the conditions for licensure to an agency such as a department of health, or to a board such as a board of medical examiners. The agency publishes the conditions for licensure, which are often based on national codes, and every license holder must meet these standards. A license holder
EDWARD P. RICHARDS
Richards, E. P., and Rathbun, K. C. (1998). "Public Health Law." In Maxcy-Rosenau-Last Public Health and Preventive Medicine, ed. Robert B. Wallace. Stamford, CT: Appleton and Lange.