Highlights for tenofovir
tenofovir Side Effects
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
- allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
- bone pain or breaks
- breathing difficulties
- dark urine, trouble passing urine, or change in the amount of urine
- dizziness, lightheadedness
- fast, irregular heartbeat
- feeling cold, especially in the arms and legs
- general ill feeling or flu-like symptoms
- light-colored stools
- right upper belly pain
- suicidal thoughts or other mood changes
- unusually weak or tired
- unusual muscle pain
- yellowing of the eyes or skin
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (Report these to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome.):
- loss of appetite
- nausea, vomiting
- stomach pain
- trouble sleeping
- weight gain around waist, back, or thinning of face, arms, legs
tenofovir May Interact with Other Medications
Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
- certain antiviral medicines for HIV or AIDS like emtricitabine; tenofovir or emtricitabine; rilpivirine; tenofovir or efavirenz; emtricitabine; tenofovir or cobicistat; elvitegravir; emtricitabine; tenofovir
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
- didanosine, ddI
- lopinavir; ritonavir
- medicines for viral infections like cidofovir, acyclovir, valacyclovir, ganciclovir, valganciclovir
How to Use tenofovir
Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Use a specially marked scoop that comes with your medicine to measure each dose. Mix the dose in a small amount of soft food and take it right away. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. For your treatment to work as well as possible, take each dose exactly as prescribed. Do not skip doses or stop your medicine even if you feel better. Skipping doses may make the HIV virus resistant to this medicine and other medicines. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 years for selected conditions, precautions do apply.
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
- bone problems
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- an unusual or allergic reaction to tenofovir, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
- pregnant or trying to get pregnant
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine.
Hepatitis B and HIV are spread to others through sexual or blood contact. Talk to your doctor about how to stop the spread of hepatitis B and HIV.
If you have hepatitis B, talk to your doctor if you plan to stop this medicine. The symptoms of hepatitis B may get worse if you stop this medicine.
Using this medicine for a long time may increase your risk of low bone mass. Talk to your doctor about bone health.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature between 15 to 30 degrees C (59 to 86 degrees F). Keep this medicine in the original container. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
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Last Updated: April 16, 2013