Highlights for insulin-glargine
insulin-glargine Side Effects
Side effects that you should report to your health care professional or doctor as soon as possible:\n-allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue\n-breathing problems\n-signs and symptoms of high blood sugar such as dizziness, dry mouth, dry skin, fruity breath, nausea, stomach pain, increased hunger or thirst, increased urination\n-signs and symptoms of low blood sugar such as feeling anxious, confusion, dizziness, increased hunger, unusually weak or tired, sweating, shakiness, cold, irritable, headache, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, loss of consciousness\n \nSide effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your health care professional or doctor if they continue or are bothersome):\n-increase or decrease in fatty tissue under the skin due to overuse of a particular injection site\n-itching, burning, swelling, or rash at site where injected
insulin-glargine May Interact with Other Medications
- other medicines for diabetes\n\nMany medications may cause an increase or decrease in blood sugar, these include:\n-alcohol containing beverages\n-aspirin and aspirin-like drugs\n-chloramphenicol\n-chromium\n-diuretics\n-female hormones, like estrogens or progestins and birth control pills\n-heart medicines\n-isoniazid\n-male hormones or anabolic steroids\n-medicines for weight loss\n-medicines for allergies, asthma, cold, or cough\n-medicines for mental problems\n-medicines called MAO Inhibitors like Nardil, Parnate, Marplan, Eldepryl\n-niacin\n-NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen\n-pentamidine\n-phenytoin\n-probenecid\n-quinolone antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin\n-some herbal dietary supplements\n-steroid medicines like prednisone or cortisone\n-thyroid medicine\n\nSome medications can hide the warning symptoms of low blood sugar. You may need to monitor your blood sugar more closely if you are taking one of these medications. These include:\n-beta-blockers such as atenolol, metoprolol, propranolol\n-clonidine\n-guanethidine\n-reserpine
How to Use insulin-glargine
This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use this medicine at the same time each day. Use exactly as directed. This insulin should never be mixed in the same syringe with other insulins before injection. Do not vigorously shake before use. You will be taught how to use this medicine and how to adjust doses for activities and illness. Do not use more insulin than prescribed.\n \nAlways check the appearance of your insulin before using it. This medicine should be clear and colorless like water. Do not use it if it is cloudy, thickened, colored, or has solid particles in it.\n \nIt is important that you put your used needles and syringes in a special sharps container. Do not put them in a trash can. If you do not have a sharps container, call your pharmacist or healthcare provider to get one.\n \nTalk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:\n-episodes of hypoglycemia\n-kidney disease\n-liver disease\n-an unusual or allergic reaction to insulin, metacresol, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives\n-pregnant or trying to get pregnant\n-breast-feeding
It is important not to miss a dose. Your health care professional or doctor should discuss a plan for missed doses with you. If you do miss a dose, follow their plan. Do not take double doses.
Visit your health care professional or doctor for regular checks on your progress.\n \nA test called the HbA1C (A1C) will be monitored. This is a simple blood test. It measures your blood sugar control over the last 2 to 3 months. You will receive this test every 3 to 6 months.\n \nLearn how to check your blood sugar. Learn the symptoms of low and high blood sugar and how to manage them.\n \nAlways carry a quick-source of sugar with you in case you have symptoms of low blood sugar. Examples include hard sugar candy or glucose tablets. Make sure others know that you can choke if you eat or drink when you develop serious symptoms of low blood sugar, such as seizures or unconsciousness. They must get medical help at once.\n \nTell your doctor or health care professional if you have high blood sugar. You might need to change the dose of your medicine. If you are sick or exercising more than usual, you might need to change the dose of your medicine.\nDo not skip meals. Ask your doctor or health care professional if you should avoid alcohol. Many nonprescription cough and cold products contain sugar or alcohol. These can affect blood sugar.\n \nMake sure that you have the right kind of syringe for the type of insulin you use. Try not to change the brand and type of insulin or syringe unless your health care professional or doctor tells you to. Switching insulin brand or type can cause dangerously high or low blood sugar. Always keep an extra supply of insulin, syringes, and needles on hand. Use a syringe one time only. Throw away syringe and needle in a closed container to prevent accidental needle sticks.\n \nInsulin pens and cartridges should never be shared. Even if the needle is changed, sharing may result in passing of viruses like hepatitis or HIV.\n \nWear a medical ID bracelet or chain, and carry a card that describes your disease and details of your medicine and dosage times.
Keep out of the reach of children.\n\nStore unopened vials in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze or use if the insulin has been frozen. Opened vials (vials currently in use) may be stored in the refrigerator or at room temperature, at approximately 25 degrees C (77 degrees F) or cooler. Keeping your insulin at room temperature decreases the amount of pain during injection. Once opened, your insulin can be used for 28 days. After 28 days, the vial should be thrown away.\n\nStore unopened pen-injector cartridges in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F.) Do not freeze or use if the insulin has been frozen. Insulin cartridges inserted into the OptiClik system should be kept at room temperature, approximately 25 degrees C (77 degrees F) or cooler. Do not store in the refrigerator. Once inserted into the OptiClik system, the insulin can be used for 28 days. After 28 days, the cartridge should be thrown away.\n\nProtect from light and excessive heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date or after the specified time for room temperature storage has passed.
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Last Updated: February 26, 2015