Generic Name: hydroxyurea, Oral capsule

Droxia,Hydrea

All Brands

  • Droxia
  • Hydrea
SECTION 1 of 4

Highlights for hydroxyurea

Oral capsule
1
HYDROXYUREA (hye drox ee yoor EE a) is a chemotherapy drug. It slows the growth of cancer cells. This medicine is used to treat certain leukemias, skin cancer, head and neck cancer, and advanced ovarian cancer. It is also used to control the painful crises of sickle cell anemia.
2 3 4
Talk to your healthcare provider if you have any of these conditions.
5
Know what to watch for and get tips for reducing your risks while taking this drug.
SECTION 2 of 4

hydroxyurea Side Effects

Oral capsule

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • low blood counts - this medicine may decrease the number of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. You may be at increased risk for infections and bleeding.
  • signs of infection - fever or chills, cough, sore throat, pain or difficulty passing urine
  • signs of decreased platelets or bleeding - bruising, pinpoint red spots on the skin, black, tarry stools, blood in the urine
  • signs of decreased red blood cells - unusually weak or tired, fainting spells, lightheadedness
  • breathing problems
  • burning, redness or pain at the site of any radiation therapy
  • changes in skin color
  • confusion
  • mouth sores
  • pain, tingling, numbness in the hands or feet
  • seizures
  • skin ulcers
  • trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine
  • vomiting

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • headache
  • loss of appetite
  • red color to the face
SECTION 3 of 4

hydroxyurea May Interact with Other Medications

Oral capsule
  • didanosine
  • other chemotherapy agents
  • stavudine
  • tenofovir
  • vaccines
Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking.
SECTION 4 of 4

How to Use hydroxyurea

Oral capsule

Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take it more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice.

People who are not taking this medicine should not be exposed to it. Wash your hands before and after handling your bottle or medicine. Caregivers should wear disposable gloves if they must touch the bottle or medicine. Clean up any medicine powder that spills with a damp disposable towel and throw the towel away in a closed container, such as a plastic bag.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

Patients over 65 years old may have a stronger reaction and need a smaller dose.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • immune system problems
  • infection (especially a virus infection such as chickenpox, cold sores, or herpes)
  • kidney disease
  • low blood counts, like low white cell, platelet, or red cell counts
  • previous or ongoing radiation therapy
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to hydroxyurea, other chemotherapy, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding
What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

This drug may make you feel generally unwell. This is not uncommon, as chemotherapy can affect healthy cells as well as cancer cells. Report any side effects. Continue your course of treatment even though you feel ill unless your doctor tells you to stop. You will receive regular blood tests during your treatment.

Call your doctor or health care professional for advice if you get a fever, chills or sore throat, or other symptoms of a cold or flu. Do not treat yourself. This drug decreases your body's ability to fight infections. Try to avoid being around people who are sick.

This medicine may increase your risk to bruise or bleed. Call your doctor or health care professional if you notice any unusual bleeding.

Be careful brushing and flossing your teeth or using a toothpick because you may get an infection or bleed more easily. If you have any dental work done, tell your dentist you are receiving this medicine.

Avoid taking products that contain aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or ketoprofen unless instructed by your doctor. These medicines may hide a fever.

Do not become pregnant while taking this medicine. Women should inform their doctor if they wish to become pregnant or think they might be pregnant. There is a potential for serious side effects to an unborn child. Men should inform their doctors if they wish to father a child. This medicine may lower sperm counts. Talk to your health care professional or pharmacist for more information. Do not breast-feed an infant while taking this medicine.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Keep tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

Send us your feedback

Thank you.

Your message has been sent.

We're sorry, an error occurred.

We are unable to collect your feedback at this time. However, your feedback is important to us. Please try again later.

Last Updated: May 1, 2009

The Healthline Site, its content, such as text, graphics, images, search results, and other material contained on the Healthline Site ("Content"), its services, and any information or material posted on the Healthline Site by third parties are provided for informational purposes only. None of the foregoing is a substitute for professional medical advice, examination, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on the Healthline Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately. Please read the Terms of Service for more information regarding use of the Healthline Site.
Content licensed by
Gold Standard Logo

Healthline - Gold Standard License

Terms of Use

Licensee provides access to Alchemy provided by Gold Standard, Inc. ("Gold Standard"). Although Gold Standard makes reasonable efforts to ensure the accuracy and reliability of Alchemy, End User acknowledges and agrees that Licensee, its affiliates, and their respective officers, directors, employees and information providers and Gold Standard, its affiliates, its licensors, and their respective officers, directors, employees and information providers will not be held liable for any damages suffered or incurred by End User or any third person arising out of: a) any faults, interruptions or delays in Alchemy or its delivery, b) any use of or reliance on Alchemy by any person, or c) any inaccuracies, errors or omissions in Alchemy, irrespective of however such faults, interruptions, delays, inaccuracies, errors or omissions arise. Gold Standard shall not be liable to End User for any loss, cost or damages resulting from any delays in delivery and/or non-delivery of Alchemy or its content. End User acknowledges and agrees that its sole and exclusive remedy in the event of such delay is to not accept these terms and conditions. Gold Standard does not represent or warrant that Alchemy will meet the objectives or needs of End User or any third party. Gold Standard makes no warranty of merchantability of Alchemy or of the fitness of Alchemy for any purpose.

About Gold Standard

The Gold Standard editorial staff develops clinically-based drug information content through an independent, peer-reviewed process. Content updates to the database include new FDA-approved drugs, new non-prescription and herbal therapies, newly published information regarding FDA label changes and relevant clinical studies affecting off-label utilization. Editors do not have any significant financial relationships with the industry that would introduce bias in the editing or review of database content.

Read This Next

6 Kinds of Natural Mosquito Repellent
6 Kinds of Natural Mosquito Repellent
Adderall and Weight Loss: What You Need to Know
Adderall and Weight Loss: What You Need to Know
Is Kava the Cure for Anxiety?
Is Kava the Cure for Anxiety?
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement