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Generic Name:

betamethasone, Injectable suspension

All Brands

  • Beta 1 Kit
  • Celestone
SECTION 1 of 4

Highlights for betamethasone

Injectable suspension
1

Betamethasone is used to treat inflammation and pain in a variety of conditions, including multiple sclerosis, arthritis, skin disease, and blood disorders.

2

Tell your doctor if you develop signs of infection, such as fever, redness, swelling, pus, and pain.

3

Avoid coming into contact with people who have chickenpox or measles. These conditions are more severe in people taking steroids like betamethasone, and they can make you very sick.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

Infection risk

Steroids like betamethasone suppress your body’s immune system. This makes it harder for you to fight infections. Long-term use of betamethasone and taking it in higher doses may increase your chances of getting an infection. It may also hide the signs of a current infection that you may have.

What is betamethasone?

Betamethasone is an injected drug. It’s given by a healthcare provider in a clinical setting. It’s also available in topical forms, including cream, gel, lotion, ointment, and foam. This article discusses the injectable form only.

Why it's used

Betamethasone is used to decrease inflammation and pain in a number of conditions.

See Details

How it works

Betamethasone is a corticosteroid drug, sometimes called a steroid. Steroids reduce the amount of inflammatory chemicals your body makes. They also reduce your body’s natural immune response to control inflammation.

Why It's Used

Betamethasone is used to decrease inflammation and pain in a number of conditions. It’s approved for:

  • multiple sclerosis
  • allergic conditions
  • skin disease
  • stomach disorders
  • blood disorders
  • eye disorders
  • kidney problems, such as having protein in your urine
  • breathing disorders
  • cancer
  • arthritis
  • hormone-related disease, such as thyroid problems
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SECTION 2 of 4

betamethasone Side Effects

Injectable suspension

Most Common Side Effects

The most common side effects that occur with betamethasone include:

  • increased blood sugar level. Symptoms may include:

    • confusion
    • more frequent urges to urinate
    • feeling sleepy, thirsty, and hungry
  • trembling, dizziness, weakness, fatigue, and fast heartbeat

  • low potassium level, which can cause muscle pain and cramps

  • skin changes, such as:

    • pimples
    • stretch marks
    • slow healing
    • hair growth
  • signs of infection, including:

    • fever
    • chills
    • cough
    • sore throat
  • mood and behavior changes

  • menstrual changes, such as spotting or skipping a period

  • vision changes

  • headaches

  • weight gain

  • sweating

  • restlessness

  • nausea

Serious Side Effects

If you experience any of these serious side effects, call your doctor right away. If your symptoms are potentially life threatening or if you think you’re experiencing a medical emergency, call 9-1-1.

  • wheezing

  • chest tightness

  • fever

  • swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat

  • seizure

  • blue skin color

  • infection. Signs may include:

    • cough
    • fever
    • chills
Pharmacist's Advice
Clinical Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

Betamethasone does not cause drowsiness.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history.
SECTION 3 of 4

betamethasone May Interact with Other Medications

Injectable suspension

Betamethasone can interact with other medications, herbs, or vitamins you might be taking. Your healthcare provider will look out for interactions with your current medications. Always be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, herbs, or vitamins you’re taking.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking.
Betamethasone Warnings
pregnant woman
Pregnant women

Betamethasone is a category C pregnancy drug. That means two things:

  1. Research in animals has shown adverse effects to the fetus when the mother takes the drug.
  2. There haven’t been enough studies done in humans to be certain how the drug might affect the fetus.

Studies have shown a higher rate of cleft palates when steroids are given to pregnant animals. But there are no adequate studies to tell us whether this occurs in humans.

breastfeeding
Women who are nursing

Betamethasone can pass through breast milk. Betamethasone may slow down growth in a developing baby.

Betamethasone may also decrease the amount of breast milk that your body produces.

Talk to your doctor if you take betamethasone and want to breastfeed.

SECTION 4 of 4

How to Take betamethasone (Dosage)

Injectable suspension

Your doctor will determine a dose that’s right for you based on your individual needs. Your general health may affect your dose. Tell your doctor about all health conditions you have before your doctor or nurse administers the drug to you.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always to speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you.
Pharmacist's Advice
Clinical Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

Celestone Soluspan comes with risks if you don’t receive it as prescribed by your doctor.

If You Don't Take It At All

If you don’t take betamethasone at all, your symptoms won’t get better. You may experience more pain and inflammation.

If You Stop Taking It Suddenly

If you stop taking it suddenly, your symptoms may return. This can include pain and inflammation.

What to Do If You Miss a Appointment

If you miss an appointment to receive the injection, call the doctor’s office to reschedule as soon as you can.

How to Tell the Drug Is Working

You may be able to tell the treatment is working if you experience less pain and swelling. Talk to your doctor to see if this medication is working for you.

Betamethasone may be used as short-term or long-term treatment.

How long you take it will depend on the disease you’re treating.

The timing for this drug depends on the condition

How often you receive your injection will depend on the condition being treated and how well you respond to the drug. You may take the drug as often as 3 or 4 times per day, or as little as once per week. For some joint problems, a single dose may be enough to relieve your pain and symptoms.  Your doctor will decide how often you receive the drug and when you should get it.

Be sure to keep all your doctor’s appointments. This is to be sure you receive your injection on a timely basis and improve your health.

Travel

Celestone Soluspan will be given as an injection in a hospital or doctor’s office. Tell your doctor if you’re planning to travel. You may need to find somewhere to get the injection where you’re traveling. Your doctor may decide to change your dosing plan.

Additional Tests Needed

You may need to have lab tests done after you start taking betamethasone. Tests may be done to make sure you don’t have any side effects from the medication and make sure the drug is working for you.

Insurance

Many insurance companies will require prior authorization before they pay for this medication.


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Content developed in collaboration with University of Illinois-Chicago, Drug Information Group

Medically reviewed by Creighton University, Center for Drug Information and Evidence-Based Practice on May 29, 2015

Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or other healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.
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