a nutraceutical product - treats Atherosclerosis, Diabetes mellitus, Eye disorders, Obesity, Cataracts, Sunburn, Lung function, Antioxidant, Muscle soreness, Preeclampsia, and Cancer
This information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature, and was peer- reviewed and edited by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): Jessica Clubb, PharmD (Northeastern University); Julie Conquer, PhD (RGB Consulting); J. Kathryn Bryan, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Julie Goodfriend, PharmD (Northeastern University); Shaina Tanguay- Colucci, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).
BibliographyDISCLAIMER: Natural Standard developed the above evidence- based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.
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Bloomer RJ, Fry A, Schilling B, et al. Astaxanthin supplementation does not attenuate muscle injury following eccentric exercise in resistance- trained men. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc.Metab 2005;15(4):401- 412.
Coyne T, Ibiebele TI, Baade PD, et al. Diabetes mellitus and serum carotenoids: findings of a population- based study in Queensland, Australia. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82(3):685- 693.
Herron KL, McGrane MM, Waters D, et al The ABCG5 polymorphism contributes to individual responses to dietary cholesterol and carotenoids in eggs. J Nutr 2006;136(5):1161- 1165.
Ito Y, Wakai K, Suzuki K, et al. Lung cancer mortality and serum levels of carotenoids, retinol, tocopherols, and folic acid in men and women: a case- control study nested in the JACC Study. J Epidemiol. 2005;15 Suppl 2:S140- S149.
Koh HH, Murray IJ, Nolan D, et al. Plasma and macular responses to lutein supplement in subjects with and without age- related maculopathy: a pilot study. Exp.Eye Res. 2004;79(1):21- 27.
Lietz G, Mulokozi G, Henry JC, et al. Xanthophyll and hydrocarbon carotenoid patterns differ in plasma and breast milk of women supplemented with red palm oil during pregnancy and lactation. J Nutr 2006;136(7):1821- 1827.
Olmedilla B, Granado F, Blanco I, et al. Lutein, but not alpha- tocopherol, supplementation improves visual function in patients with age- related cataracts: a 2- y double- blind, placebo- controlled pilot study. Nutrition 2003;19(1):21- 24.
Richer S, Stiles W, Statkute L, et al. Double- masked, placebo- controlled, randomized trial of lutein and antioxidant supplementation in the intervention of atrophic age- related macular degeneration: the Veterans LAST study (Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial). Optometry. 2004;75(4):216- 230.
Sesso HD, Buring JE, Norkus EP, et al. Plasma lycopene, other carotenoids, and retinol and the risk of cardiovascular disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81(5):990- 997.
Shao A, Hathcock JN. Risk assessment for the carotenoids lutein and lycopene. Regul.Toxicol Pharmacol 2006;45(3):289- 298.
Thurmann PA, Schalch W, Aebischer JC, et al. Plasma kinetics of lutein, zeaxanthin, and 3- dehydro- lutein after multiple oral doses of a lutein supplement. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82(1):88- 97.
Tulley RT, Vaidyanathan J, Wilson JB, et al. Daily intake of multivitamins during long- term intake of olestra in men prevents declines in serum vitamins A and E but not carotenoids. J Nutr 2005;135(6):1456- 1461.
Whitehead AJ, Mares JA, Danis RP. Macular pigment: a review of current knowledge. Arch Ophthalmol. 2006;124(7):1038- 1045.
Zhao X, Aldini G, Johnson EJ, et al. Modification of lymphocyte DNA damage by carotenoid supplementation in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83(1):163- 169.
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