an iron product - treats Therapy for anemia after orthopedic surgery, ACE inhibitor-associated cough, Iron deficiency anemia, Anemia of chronic disease, Lead toxicity, Preventing anemia associated with preterm/low birth weight infants, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Preventing iron deficiency in exercising women, Preventing iron deficiency in menstruating women, Treatment of predialysis anemia, Improving cognitive performance related to iron deficiency, and Fatigue in women with low ferritin levels and prevents Prevention of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy, Prevention of iron deficiency anemia due to gastrointestinal bleeding, and Prevention of iron deficiency after blood donation
Alternate TitleFe, Ferrous sulfate, Ferrous gluconate
CategoryHerbs & Supplements
Atomic number 26, carbonyl iron, dextran- iron, elemental Iron, FE, Fer, ferrous carbonate anhydrous, ferrous fumarate, ferrous gluconate, ferrous pyrophosphate, ferrous sulfate, iron dextran, iron- polysaccharide, iron sorbitol, Iron sucrose, sodium ferric gluconate.
Selected U.S. brand names: DexFerrum®, Femiron®, Feosol Caplets®, Feosol Tablets®, Feostat®, Feostat Drops®, Feratab®, Fer- gen- sol®, Fergon®, Fer- In- Sol Drops®, Fer- In- Sol Syrup®, Fer- Iron Drops®, Fero- Gradumet®, Ferospace®, Ferralet®, Ferralet Slow Release®, Ferralyn Lanacaps®, Ferra- TD®, Ferretts®, Ferrlecit®, Fumasorb®, Fumerin®, Hemocyte®, Hemofer®, Hytinic®, InFeD®, Ircon®, Mol- Iron®, Nephro- Fer®, Niferex®, Niferex- 150®, Nu- Iron®, Nu- Iron 150®, Simron®, Slow Fe®, Span- FF®, Venofer®.
Iron is an essential mineral and an important component of proteins involved in oxygen transport and metabolism. Iron is also an essential cofactor in the synthesis of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. About 15 percent of the body's iron is stored for future needs and mobilized when dietary intake is inadequate. The body usually maintains normal iron status by controlling the amount of iron absorbed from food.
There are two forms of dietary iron: heme and non- heme. Sources of heme iron include meat fish and poultry. Sources of non- heme iron, which is not absorbed as well as heme iron, include beans, lentils, flours, cereals, and grain products. Other sources of iron include dried fruit, peas, asparagus, leafy greens, strawberries, and nuts.
The World Health Organization considers iron deficiency to be the largest international nutritional disorder. Although much of the ethnic disparity in iron deficiency anemia remains unexplained, socioeconomic factors may be involved.
Iron deficiency can be determined by measurement of iron levels within the body, mainly serum ferritin levels, which can also help distinguish between iron deficiency anemia and anemia associated with chronic disease.
Herbal preparations such as yellow dock root may be used in iron deficiency, although scientific evidence may be lacking.