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  • Basic Info
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Generic: bilberry
an herbal product - treats Atherosclerosis, Diabetes mellitus, Painful menstruation, Diarrhea, Cataracts, Glaucoma, Retinopathy, Fibrocystic breast disease, Night vision, Chronic venous insufficiency, and Stomach ulcers
               



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Attribution

This information is based on a professional level monograph edited and peer- reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): Ethan Basch, MD (Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center); Samuel Basch, MD (Mt. Sinai Medical Center, NY); Steve Bent, MD (University of California, San Francisco); Heather Boon, B.Sc.Phm, PhD (University of Toronto); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Dilys Burke, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Carla Falkson, MD (University of Alabama); Nicole Giese, MS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Michael Goble, BS, PharmD (Massachusetts College of Pharmacy); Sadaf Hashmi, MD, MPH (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health); Siddhartta Mukarjee, MD (Harvard Medical School); George Papaliodis, MD (Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary); Erica Seamon, PharmD (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Shaina Tanguay- Colucci, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Jen Woods, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).

Bibliography

DISCLAIMER: Natural Standard developed the above evidence- based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

Bomser J, Madhavi DL, Singletary K, et al. In vitro anticancer activity of fruit extracts from Vaccinium species. Planta Med 1996;62(3):212- 216.

Canter PH, Ernst E. Anthocyanosides of Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) for night vision- - a systematic review of placebo- controlled trials. Surv.Ophthalmol 2004;49(1):38- 50.

Erlund I, Marniemi J, Hakala P, et al. Consumption of black currants, lingonberries and bilberries increases serum quercetin concentrations. Eur.J Clin Nutr 2003;57(1):37- 42.

Head KA. Natural therapies for ocular disorders, part two: cataracts and glaucoma. Altern Med Rev 2001;6(2):141- 166.

Hou DX. Potential mechanisms of cancer chemoprevention by anthocyanins. Curr Mol Med 2003;3(2):149- 159.

Katsube N, Iwashita K, Tsushida T, et al. Induction of apoptosis in cancer cells by Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and the anthocyanins. J Agric Food Chem 1- 1- 2003;51(1):68- 75.

Kramer JH. Anthocyanosides of Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) for night vision- - a systematic review of placebo- controlled trials. Surv.Ophthalmol 2004;49(6):618.

Levy Y, Glovinsky Y. The effect of anthocyanosides on night vision. Eye 1998;12 ( Pt 6):967- 969.

Logan AC, Wong C. Chronic fatigue syndrome: oxidative stress and dietary modifications. Altern.Med Rev 2001;6(5):450- 459.

Lyons MM, Yu C, Toma RB, et al. Resveratrol in raw and baked blueberries and bilberries. J Agric.Food Chem. 9- 24- 2003;51(20):5867- 5870.

Milbury PE, Graf B, Curran- Celentano, JM, et al. Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) anthocyanins modulate heme oxygenase- 1 and glutathione S- transferase- pi expression in ARPE- 19 cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2007;48(5):2343- 2349.

Muth ER, Laurent JM, Jasper P. The effect of bilberry nutritional supplementation on night visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Altern Med Rev 2000;5(2):164- 173.

Rasetti FRM, Caruso D, Galli G, et al. Extracts of Ginkgo biloba L. leaves and Vaccinium myrtillus L. fruits prevent photo induced oxidation of low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Phytomedicine 1997;3:335- 338.

Roy S, Khanna S, Alessio HM. et al. Anti- angiogenic property of edible berries. Free Radic Res 2002;36(9):1023- 1031.

Zadok D, Levy Y, Glovinsky Y. The effect of anthocyanosides in a multiple oral dose on night vision. Eye 1999;13 ( Pt 6):734- 736.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

               
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