a minerals and electrolyte - treats Age-related macular degeneration, Menkes' kinky-hair disease, Alzheimer's disease prevention, Cardiovascular disease prevention / atherosclerosis, Dental conditions, Metabolic disorders, Immune system function, Marasmus, Neural-tube defect prevention, Osteoporosis / osteopenia, Copper deficiency, Cancer, Schizophrenia, Arthritis, Sideroblastic anemia, Plaque prevention, Systemic lupus erythematosus, and Childhood growth promotion
TraditionWARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Adults (18 years and older)
The U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) is 900 micrograms for adults; 1,000 micrograms for pregnant women; 1,300 micrograms for nursing women; and 890 micrograms for adolescents 14- 18 years old. Surveys suggest that most Americans consume less than the RDA for copper each day. Up to 10,000 micrograms daily appears to be safe for consumption in adults. Vegan diets appear to provide adequate amounts of copper.
In a number of clinical trials copper doses of 2- 10 milligrams by mouth were safely used in patients. For plaque inhibition, a 1.1mM copper rinse has been used for four days. The appropriate application of ointment preparations containing copper in concentrations up to 20% has also been studied with no apparent toxic effects.
Children (younger than 18 years)
The U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for children is 890 micrograms for adolescents 14- 18 years old; 700 micrograms for children 9- 13 years old; 440 micrograms for children 4- 8 years old; 340 micrograms for children 1- 3 years old; 220 micrograms for infants 7- 12 months old; and 200 micrograms for infants 0- 6 months old. Surveys suggest that most Americans consume less than the RDA for copper each day. Up to 3,000- 5,000 micrograms daily appears to be safe for consumption in children.
Copper deficiency may occur in infants fed only cow- milk formulas (which are relatively low in copper content) or synthetic low lactose diets, premature/ low- birth weight infants, infants with prolonged diarrhea or malnutrition, malabsorption syndromes (including celiac disease, sprue, or short bowel syndrome), cystic fibrosis, or during intravenous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or other restrictive diets. Such situations may merit copper supplementation (and other trace elements), which should be under the supervision of a healthcare professional. In the United States, copper is not available in infant supplements.
Management of marasmus should be under the supervision of a healthcare professional, although 20- 80 micrograms per kilogram per day of copper sulfate supplementation by mouth has been reported as safe.