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  • Basic Info
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Generic: Cicuta
               



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Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Apiaceae (family), bulblet- bearing water hemlock, Cicuta, Cicuta bulbifera, Cicuta douglasii, Cicuta maculata, Cicuta virosa, cicutoxin, cowbane, fool's parsley, northern water hemlock, spotted water hemlock, water hemlock, western water hemlock.

Note: Several accidental poisonings have been reported due to confusion of water hemlock roots with turnip, parsnip, or wild carrot. Water hemlock (Cicuta spp.) should not be confused with poison hemlock (Conium spp.), although the species have similar common names and similar general appearance.

Background

Water hemlock grows in temperate wet, marshy areas in mainly North America. According to the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), "water hemlock is the most violently toxic plant that grows in North America."

Water hemlock is sometimes mistaken for parsnips, due to the similar appearance of their white tuberous roots.

Although water hemlock was rarely used for headache according to traditional use, there is insufficient available evidence in humans or animals to support the use of water hemlock for any indication.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Headache.

Dosing

Adults (18 years and older):

Avoid in all patients as water hemlock is highly toxic and may lead to death.

Children (younger than 18 years):

Avoid in all patients as water hemlock is highly toxic and may lead to death.

               
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