treats Quality of life in cancer patients and Diabetes
This information is based on a professional level monograph edited and peer- reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com): Tracee Rae Abrams, PharmD (University of Rhode Island); E- P Barrette, MD (Case Western Reserve School of Medicine); Ethan Basch, MD (Harvard Medical School); Samuel Basch, MD (Mt. Sinai Medical Center); Wendy Chao, PhD (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Dawn Costa, BA, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Paul Hammerness, MD (Harvard Medical School); Sadaf Hashmi, MD, MPH (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health); David Sollars, MAc, HMC. (New England School of Acupuncture); Shaina Tanguay- Colucci, BS (Natural Standard Research Collaboration); Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD (Massachusetts General Hospital); Wendy Weissner, BA (Natural Standard Research Collaboration).
BibliographyDISCLAIMER: Natural Standard developed the above evidence- based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.
Anonymous. In vitro screening of traditional medicines for anti- HIV activity: memorandum from a WHO meeting. Bull World Health Organ 1989;67(6):613- 618.
Flickinger EA, Hatch TF, Wofford RC, et al. In vitro fermentation properties of selected fructooligosaccharide- containing vegetables and in vivo colonic microbial populations are affected by the diets of healthy human infants. J Nutr 2002;132(8):2188- 2194.
Grases F, Melero G, Costa- Bauza A, et al. Urolithiasis and phytotherapy. Int Urol Nephrol 1994;26(5):507- 511.
Holetz FB, Pessini GL, Sanches NR, et al. Screening of some plants used in the Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2002;97(7):1027- 1031.
Iwakami S, Wu JB, Ebizuka Y, et al. Platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonists contained in medicinal plants: lignans and sesquiterpenes. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1992;40(5):1196- 1198.
Lin CC, Lu JM, Yang JJ, et al. Anti- inflammatory and radical scavenge effects of Arctium lappa. Am J Chin Med 1996;24(2):127- 137.
Lin SC, Chung TC, Lin CC, et al. Hepatoprotective effects of Arctium lappa on carbon tetrachloride- and acetaminophen- induced liver damage. Am J Chin Med 2000;28(2):163- 173.
Lin SC, Lin CH, Lin CC, et al. Hepatoprotective effects of Arctium lappa Linne on liver injuries induced by chronic ethanol consumption and potentiated by carbon tetrachloride. J Biomed Sci 2002;9(5):401- 409.
Morita K, Kada T, Namiki M. A desmutagenic factor isolated from burdock (Arctium lappa Linne). Mutat Res 1984;129(1):25- 31.
Os'kina OA, Pashinskii VG, Kanakina TA, et al. [The mechanisms of the anti- ulcer action of plant drug agents]. Eksp Klin Farmakol 1999;62(4):37- 39.
Rodriguez P, Blanco J, Juste S, et al. Allergic contact dermatitis due to burdock (Arctium lappa). Contact Dermatitis 1995;33(2):134- 135.
Sasaki Y, Kimura Y, Tsunoda T, et al. Anaphylaxis due to burdock. Int J Dermatol 2003;42(6):472- 473.
Swanston- Flatt SK, Day C, Flatt PR, et al. Glycaemic effects of traditional European plant treatments for diabetes. Studies in normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice. Diabetes Res 1989;10(2):69- 73.
Yang L, Lin S, Yang T, et al. Synthesis of anti- HIV activity of dibenzylbutyrolactone lignans. Bioorganic Medicinal Chem Lett 1996;6:941- 944.
Zick SM, Sen A, Feng Y, et al. Trial of Essiac to ascertain its effect in women with breast cancer (TEA- BC). J Altern Complement Med 2006 Dec;12(10):971- 80.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.